Assessment is one of the essential parts of learning, because it takes a control of the measurement andidentifies the level of students understanding in the classroom, as a feedback for teachers. Freed (2000),states that, assessment is the process of assembling and discussing information from various and diverse
sources in order to develop a full of meaning understanding of students’ knowledge, to make them
understand and implement their understanding in assessment, as a result of their educationalexperiences (cited in Flamming, 2009). According to the explanations above, as teachers, we identifyassessment as an important part of teaching and learning process.Assessment also has several purposes in the implementation, with the aims to guide the teachers to doit appropriately. Mutch and Brown (2002) divided the purpose of assessment into three differentsections:1.
To provide feedback to improve students capability in learningb)
As a medium to motivate studentsc)
To diagnosis students strength and weaknesses2.
To determine pass/fail of a student, by including grade and reports.3.
To provide feedback for both students and teachersb)
To improve teachingc)
To monitor the development of students(Mutch & Brown, 2002)This is similar to The New Zealand curriculum explanation about the purpose of assessment, whichstates
the primary purpose of assessment is to improve students’ learning as both
teachers and studentsrespond to the information provided. Therefore, most educational practitioners, such as Hubber (2011),Mutch & Brown (2002), Freed (2000) and other internet websites, see assessment as an important pointof learning, and believe it could be useful if we can arrange the process effectively.With respect to all points above, assessment can be defined as a method of promoting an effectivelearning process, and a technique to enhance deep understanding of students, in order to develop theirthinking in the teaching and learning process.