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The political theory of bolshevism. A critical analysis (1948)

The political theory of bolshevism. A critical analysis (1948)

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THE POLITICAL THEORYOF BOLSHEVISM
 A
Critical Analysis
BY
HANS KELSEN
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESSBERKELEY AND LOS ANGELES1949
 
UNIVERSITY
QF
CALIFORNIA PUBLICATIONS
IN
POLITICAL
SCIINCE
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA PRESSBERKELEY AND LOS ANGELESCALIFORNIA
•O 
CAMDRIDCE UNIVERSITY PRESSLONDON, ENGLAND
67/5-7
COPYRIGHT, 1948, BYTHE REGENTS OF THE UNIVERSll Y OF CALIFORNIA
 Price, ftjoo
MAN UFACTURFD IM HE UNITKl) SIA ITS OF
M
!
RICA
 
CONTENTS
PAGE
Introduction 1
Part One:
ANARCHISM
OR
TOTALITARIANISM
Concept of the State 5Restriction of Freedom 5Concept of Democracy 6Theory of Politics and "Political" Theory 8Value of the State 9fitatism: Hegel 9Anarchism: Marx and Engels 10Bolshevism: Lenin 13Dialectical Method 14Dialectical Method and Hegel's Theology of History 14Interpretation of the Dialectical Method by Stalin 19Contradictions in the Bolshevik Doctrine of the State 21Evolutionism and Revolutionism 21Purpose of State: Maintenance or Suppression of Exploitation? 22The Proletarian State 23According to Engels ? 23According to Stalin - 24The "Withering Away" of the State 25According to Engels 25According to Stalin 25Capitalist Encirclement 26Decisive Modification of the Marx-Engels Doctrine 29The Socialist "World State: The Last State 33
Part Two:
DEMOCRACY
OR
PARTY DICTATORSHIP
Marx's and Engels' Attitude Toward Democracy.., 39Democracy and Revolution 40Peaceful Establishment of Socialism 40Revolutionary Establishment of Socialism 41Democracy and Capitalism 42Establishment of Socialism in Russia 42Abandonment of the Postulate of Democracy 43Reinterpretation of the Concept of Democracy 45tiii]

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