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The Age of AIDS Study Guide Part 1 (KEY)

The Age of AIDS Study Guide Part 1 (KEY)

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 1
The Age of AIDS Study Guide Part 1 (KEY)Part 1
 
y
 
by the time HIV Disease was diagnosed in the United States, over 
250
thousand
people where infected, by the time it was diagnosed in Africa, millions where already infected
y
 
the AIDS virus is
1
50
times smaller than the size of the blood cell itattacks and eventually kills, progressively over several years, thebody dies from an infection due to an overwhelmed (now severelycompromised)
immune
system without anymore t-cells to combatinfection
y
 
originally, most patients died within a
few
months upon diagnosis
y
 
June
1981
, CDC reports in the MMWR the occurrence of amysterious disease which will soon be labeled as AIDS
y
 
originally, infections where among
healthy
gay men who had a
 
number of recreational drugs and sexual partners so the point of infection was very difficult to track down
y
 
infection diagnosis then spread through the
Haitian
community, theCDC couldn¶t figure out the connection between the gay men in largecities and the Haitian Community in Florida
y
 
in Europe, infections began to show up in
heterosexual
couples whowhere not from Haitian backgrounds nor homosexual ones
y
 
November 1981, three
drug
users where diagnosed in New York with
 
 AIDS which later lead to an epidemic of AIDS within the drugcommunities
y
 
diagnosis of AIDS leads to becoming a
socia
l outcast within their peers, as this was mostly hitting the gay and drug communities, theywere not a priority by the government (they didn¶t care)
y
 
government didn¶t want public
tax
dollars going towards helpingpeople who deserved to die based on actions against the Laws of God
y
 
CDC warns that AIDS has entered the
blood
supply after a childbecomes infected with AIDS
y
 
Hemophiliacs
are the next group to be infected with AIDS en mass,
 
CDC then realized that AIDS had to be a virus spread throughsharing of bodily fluids
y
 
blood banks refuse to admit that AIDS could be spread from blood
transfusions
, even when faced with evidence by the CDC, it took
 
 2
two years before they began screening procedures, leading to 35thousand confirmed new AIDS cases
y
 
President
R
eagan
comes into power and institutes a 25% cut in
 
funding to the CDC, leading to two years of stagnation in the AIDSepidemic
y
 
scientists had trouble finding the original source of AIDS, leads leadto the
Congo
 
 
y
 
once scientists visit the Congo, they realize that
woman
can also beinfected with AIDS, once this is reported to high ranking governmentofficials, they still cannot put two and two together as the gay anddrug user biased is systemic throughout the administration
y
 
Haitians
where contracted by the now independent Congo once theBelgians left in the 1980s to teach the Congonese population, oncethey return, they infected many Haitians (the connection is nowmade)
y
 
many gay men would travel to Haiti for cheap
sex
, then returning tothe United States, leading to further infections within the gaycommunity
y
 
 AIDS spread quickly through the closed and impoverished
Haiti
 population
y
 
bathhouses
in the gay community became huge points of infectionamong the population, government officials debated the impact
y
 
1983, AIDS was a
political
disease even in the face of overwhelming
 
evidence that it didn¶t discriminate against host (sexual orientation,race or background)
y
 
in the summer of 1983, HIV Virus was isolated by the
F
rench
butscientists in the United States couldn¶t wrap their head around morethan one retro-virus existing
y
 
HIV is thought to come from
Chimpanzees
that carried SIV hunted
 
by humans in Central Africa sometime in the 1930s
y
 
19
5
9
was the first confirmed case of somebody dying of AIDS
y
 
one infection from a
Chimpanzee
to one Human lead to the current
 
 AIDS epidemic
y
 
in May of 1984, the first AIDS
blood
test was developed and work ona vaccine is promised within two years
y
 
 AIDS blood test reveals that somebody can be HIV
positive
but
 
completely healthy for decades before symptoms become apparent,leading to exponential infection rates
 
 3
y
 
in 1985, the gay community was going through an incrediblechallenge as people where dying daily,
half 
of hemophiliacs diedfrom AIDS as well
y
 
during the second term of Reagan¶s administration, AIDS was still notacknowledged and still seen as a mainly a
gay
problem
 
y
 
Rock Hudson was a gifted Hollywood actor, known for his looks andability with the woman, the personification of a perfect male, was the
first
major figure diagnosed with AIDS
y
 
Rock
Hudson¶s
death lead to AIDS becoming mainstream withwidespread public fear, discrimination and paranoia spread acrossthe country
y
 
Ryan White, a 14 year old
hemophiliac
infected with AIDS is forced
 
to quit coming to school due to unfounded fears and ignorance
y
 
in September 1985, the Reagan¶s administration re-enforces stigmathat AIDS can be spread by
casual contact
, which is then denied bythe scientific community which says AIDS is spread by exchanges inbodily fluids
y
 
 AIDS hides itself behind the body¶s own sugars that essentially makeit
invisible
to the human immune system
y
 
in 1985, two million people where infected (mostly in Africa) and over 
500
thousand
Americans
y
 
sex and homosexuality are taboo subjects in Africa which lead toexponential infection rates
y
 
Jonathan Mann encountered AIDS in
Zaire
in 1984 during a study for the CDC and lead a WHO global program across the world, breakingtaboos and forcing the issues behind AIDS into the public
y
 
Irine Kaliba lead the development of the first AIDS supportorganization in Uganda after her husband died from AIDS caused bya
blood
transfusion, promoting education and hope to stop the AIDSinfection growth rates (leading to a decrease)
y
 
in 1985, heroin and the sex industry caused an explosion in new AIDS cases within Thailand
y
 
1
in 10 new army recruits where found in Thailand to be infected with AIDS, the government acted quickly to promote the use of condomsamong sex workers while neglecting the drug users who hadinfections rates of up to 40%
y
 
in Britain, AIDS was primarily spreading through the
Heroin
community from 0% to 56% within an 18 month period, in response,the government sets-up needle exchanges across the UK

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