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Prehistoric

Prehistoric

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Published by ayadi_archi
It is for Architecture Students
It is for Architecture Students

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: ayadi_archi on Feb 12, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/21/2014

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PREHISTORICPREHISTORICLate Mesolithic and Early NeolithicLate Mesolithic and Early Neolithic
History of ArchitectureHistory of Architecture  ARC 112 ARC 112
 
INTRODUCTION
 
2 types of permanent buildings2 types of permanent buildings
  SingleSingle--cellcelltype, beehive shaped, round or oval in plantype, beehive shaped, round or oval in plan   MultiMulti--celledcelledcollection of rectangular roomscollection of rectangular rooms
MesolithicMesolithic
  DwellingsDwellings
Wood sheltersWood sheltersbuilt in front of caves on stone pavementsbuilt in front of caves on stone pavements
More frequentlyMore frequentlyround or oval dryround or oval dry--stonestonehuts built inhuts built inopen settlementsopen settlementsnearnearwaterwater sourcessourcesin the limestone uplandsin the limestone uplands
TransitionTransitionto houses withto houses withrectangularrectangularrooms mostly took place in this period in most rooms mostly took place in this period in most  of the regionsof the regions
 Also transition from Also transition fromdrydry--stonestonehuts to houses inhuts to houses inmud and stonemud and stoneand finally toand finally to rectangular houses inrectangular houses inmudmud--brick / tauf brick / tauf (mud + straw)(mud + straw)
Development of Development of moulded mudmoulded mud--brickbrickencouraged precision of constructionencouraged precision of construction
  SettlementsSettlements
Small communitiesSmall communitieswere composed of singlewere composed of single--roomed houses with flat roofs, built of roomed houses with flat roofs, built of  mud and stone, with walls and floors buttressed, mudmud and stone, with walls and floors buttressed, mud--plastered internally, andplastered internally, and painted in variety of earth colourspainted in variety of earth colours
Most villages hadMost villages hadcontiguous dwellingscontiguous dwellings, but some had narrow alleys and courtyards, but some had narrow alleys and courtyards
Mostly dwellings and fortification wallsMostly dwellings and fortification walls, with the exception of Catal Huyuk where, with the exception of Catal Huyuk where large number of elaborate shrines were foundlarge number of elaborate shrines were found

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