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UAV

UAV

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Published by Aadhi Nana Murali

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Published by: Aadhi Nana Murali on Feb 12, 2011
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12/15/2013

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Unmanned aerial vehi
"UAV" redirects here. For the entertainm 
RQ-4 Global Hawk surveillance aircraft. AMQ-9 Reaper, ahunter-killersurveillance UAV
 
inIraqandAfghanistan.
 
ARheinmetall KZOof theGerman Army, used f
 
An
unmanned aerial vehicle
(
UAV
; als
System
(
UAS
 
)
) is an aircraft that fliesin
military
applications. To distinguish
 
controlled, sustained, level flight and poconsidered UAVs, because, like many otit is also unmanned and in some cases rThere is a wide variety of UAV shapes, ssimple
drones
[1]
(remotely piloted
aircr
l
 
e
ent company, see 
UAV Corp 
.
u
 
sed by the United States Armed Forces andBritish Armo
 
r target acquisition and reconnaissance.
known as a
remotely piloted vehicle
or
RPV
,without a human crew on board the aircraft. TheiAVs from missiles, a UAV is defined as a reusabered by a
 jet
or
reciprocating engine
. Thereh
 
er guided missiles, the vehicle itself is a weapoemotely guided.izes, configurations, and characteristics. Historic
ft
), but autonomous control is increasingly being
ed Forces, especially
r
 
Unmanned Aircraft
r largest uses arele, uncrewed vehicle capable ofore,
cruise missiles
are notthat is not reused, even thoughlly, UAVs wereemployed in UAVs. UAVs come
 
in two varieties: some are controlled from a remote location, and others fly autonomously based on pre-programmed flightplans using more complex dynamic automation systems.Currently, military UAVs perform reconnaissance as well as attack missions.
[2]
While many successful drone attacks onmilitants have been reported, they are also prone to
collateral damage
and/or erroneous targeting, as with many other
 
weapon types.
[1]
UAVs are also used in a small but growing number of civil applications, such as
firefighting
or
 
nonmilitary security work, such as surveillance of pipelines. UAVs are often preferred for missions that are too "dull, dirty,or dangerous" for manned aircraft.The abbreviation UAV has been expanded in some cases to
UAVS
(
u
nmanned-
a
ircraft
v
ehicle
s
ystem). The
FederalAviation Administration
has adopted the generic class
unmanned aircraft system
(
UAS
) originally introduced by
 
the
U.S. Navy
to reflect the fact that these are not just aircraft, but
systems,
including ground stations and other
 
elements.
Contents
[hide]
 1 History 2 UAV classification 
o
 
2.1 United States military UAV classifications 
 
2.1.1 US Air Force tiers 
 
2.1.2 US Marine Corps tiers 
 
2.1.3 U.S. Army tiers 
 
2.1.4 Future Combat Systems (FCS) (U.S. Army) classes 
 
2.1.5 Unmanned aircraft system 3 UAV functions 
o
 
3.1 Remote sensing 
o
 
3.2 Transport 
o
 
3.3 Scientific research 
o
 
3.4 Armed attacks 
o
 
3.5 Search and rescue 4 Design and development considerations 
o
 
4.1 Degree of autonomy 
o
 
4.2 Endurance 5 Existing UAV systems 6 Other information 7 See also 8 References 9 External links 
[
edit
]
History
 
Main article: 
History of unmanned a 
 
The earliest UAV was
A. M. Low
's "
Ae
followed, including the
Hewitt-Sperry
 
RPV (Remote Piloted Vehicle), develope1935.
[3]
More were made in the technolo
 
antiaircraft gunners and to fly attack mis
Ryan
 
Firebee I
of 1951, while compani
 
States Navy
in 1955.
[3]
Nevertheless,
 
During the
Yom Kippur War
, Syrian
 
result, Israel developed the first modernthe Syrian air defenses at the start of the
 Front view of aMQ-1 Predator(Reno Air Show)
With the maturing and miniaturization ofwithin the higher echelons of the US militmachines that could be used without riskwere armed (such as the
MQ-1 Preda
known as an
unmanned combat air
As a tool for
search and rescue
, UAadrift at sea.[
edit
]
UAV classification
Although most UAVs arefixed-wing aircraft,rot
 
ial vehicles 
 
rial Target
" of 1916.
[3]
A number of remote-con
u
 
tomatic Airplane
, during and after
World
d
 
by the film star and
model airplane
enthusiag
 
y rush during the
Second World War
; theseions. Jet engines were applied after WW2, in suies like
Beechcraft
also got in the game with thhey were little more than remote-controlled airplissile batteries in Lebanon caused heavy damagUAV. The images provided by these UAVs helpe
1982 Lebanon War
, resulting in no pilots do
 
applicable technologies as seen in the 1980s anary. UAVs were seen to offer the possibility of chto aircrews. Initial generations were primarily
suor
, which utilized
AGM-114 Hellfire
air-to-gro
ehicle
(UCAV).s can help find humans lost in the wilderness, tr
rcraftdesigns such as thisMQ-8B Fire Scoutare also us
trolled airplane advances
ar I
, including the first scalet
Reginald Denny
inw
 
ere used both to trainh types as the
Teledyne
i
 
r
Model 1001
for the
United
nes until the
Vietnam Era
.es to Israeli fighter jets. As aIsrael to completely neutralizened.
[4]
 1
 
990s, interest in UAVs greweaper, more capable fighting
rveillance aircraft
, but someund missiles). An armed UAV ispped in collapsed buildings, or
d.

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