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MODAL VERBs grammar

MODAL VERBs grammar

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Published by Chiqui Lennon

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Published by: Chiqui Lennon on Feb 12, 2011
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05/01/2013

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MODAL VERBS ABILITY
COULD ( past): sabía, podíaCAN ( present): sé, puedo*BE ABLE TO ( past, present, future): saber, poder 
PROBABILITY
MUST: 100 % TRUE, POSSIBLE. ( debe)( WILL 100%)(CAN 80%)MAY : 75 % POSSIBLE ( puede que)MIGHT: 60% POSSIBLE ( podría)(COULD 45% POSSIBLE)CAN´T: 100% IMPOSSIBLE ( no puede)
SUGGESTIONS
CAN:COULDSHALL ( offer to do a favour + suggestion)
 ASK A FAVOUR, PERMISSION
CAN: informalCOULD: + politeMAY: + politeWOULD: ++ polite
 
PROHIBITION
MUSTN´T: (no debes, está prohibido)CAN/CAN´T: usados para permiso, esté permitido o no.
OFFERS/ INVITATIONS
WOULD: ía«would you like: te gustaría«SHALL
OBLIGATION/ NECESSITY
MUST ( present), ley o autoridad.*HAVE TO ( past, present, future)*NEED TO
y
SHOULD/ OUGHT TO: moral obligation
LACK OF OBLIGATION
DON´T HAVE TONEEDN´T
( don´t need to)
 ADVICE/ OPINION
SHOULD: + frequentOUGHT TO: more common in+ sentences, rare in ± and ?*No son modales
 
 
MODAL PERFECTS
SHOULD/ OUGHT TO HAVE + PPOCrítica ante un hecho pasadoYou should have phoned me ( pero no lo hiciste)SHOULDN´T HAVE + PPOCrítica ante un hecho que no tenía que haber sucedidoYou shouldn´t have cheated in the exam (por qué lo hiciste)MUST HAVE + PPOCerteza de que algo ha ocurrido.She is very happy. She must have passed the exam ( estoysegura)MAY/ MIGHT HAVE + PPOSuposición sobre lo ocurrido.Paul might have failed the exam ( no sé, no se ve muycontento)COULD HAVE + PPOHabilidad para haber hecho algo que no se hizo.You could have come to the party ( pero no quisiste)COULDN´T HAVE + PPOCerteza de que algo no pudo haber ocurrido.She couldn´t have stolen the bike ( no es posible que lo hayahecho)NEEDN´T HAVE + PPO

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