degrees" (Ps. 120-124.) to theaccompaniment of their instruments, of which the most important was the flute,although it was used neither on theSabbath nor on the first day of the feast (Suk. v. 1).The illumination, which was like a sea of fire, lit up every nook and corner of Jerusalem, and was so bright that in any part of the city a woman could pick wheat from the chaff. Whosoever did not see this celebration never saw a real one(Suk. 53a). Hillel the Elder encouraged general rejoicing and participated in thecelebration that all might follow hisexample, while R. Simeon b. Gamaliel juggled with eight torches, throwingthem in the air and catching them again,thus showing his joy at the feast. R. Joshua b. Hananiah states that thefestival was celebrated throughout thenight with songs, music, shouting,clapping of hands, jumping, and dancing.
Role of the Trumpet (Shofar)
Succah 31b (Palestinian) give a social history of the role of theshofar in the Holy Temple, with particular emphasis on Succot.
Indeed, the shofar was sounded in the Templeevery day from 21 to 48 times
:three times to accompanythe opening of the Temple Courtyard Gates; 9-blasts to accompanythe morning offering; another 9-blasts to accompany the afternoonsacrifice; 9 for the musaf offering.