2.Applied Petroleum Reservoir Engineering tool, B.C.Craft & Hawkins3.Applied Reservoir Engineering , Smith, Tracy, Farrar
Petroleum deposits occur in a variety of ways and forms both as surface deposits andsubsurface deposits. These deposits are found on all continents and regions, although theabundance of finding may vary very widely. Oil and gas seepages, tar asphalt or bitumenare various forms of petroleum that occur at the surface of the ground. The subsurfaceoccurrences can be classified as Pools, Fields and Provinces.
is a body of oil or gas or both found underground occurring as a separate reservoir and under a
single pressure system
Constitute several such pools having a single geologic feature. For exampleGandhar and Ankleshwar fields having many major and minor pools.
is a region, in which a number oil and gas pools and field occur in asimilar geologic region like Southeastern Oklahoma, Kansas, Western Texas of US andUpper Assam and South Gujarat in India
The petroleum reservoir is that portion of the rock that contains thepool of petroleum. A reservoir consists of four essential elements, a) The reservoir rock b) reservoir pore space c) reservoir fluids and d)reservoir trap. The reservoir rock is that material in which oil and gas are found. Oiland gas are chiefly found in sand stones, lime stones and dolomitesand are essentially sedimentary rocks. Out of all rocks lime stone anddolomites contain the most of the world petroleum. Petroleumreservoirs of Saudi Arabia, Iran and Mumbai High field of ONGC areLime stone reservoirs.Maximum number of reservoirs is found in sand stones, however thetotal quantity of petroleum produced from carbonate reservoirs is morethan that produced from sand stone reservoirs.A sand stone or lime stone would qualify for becoming a petroleumreservoir rock only when it is porous and the pores are interconnected. These two essentials of a reservoir rock are defined as porosity andpermeability respectively. The pores provide space for storage of thereservoir fluids while permeability of the rock gives the ability of therock to permit the flow of petroleum fluids through it so that they couldbe produced.