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Anthrax Teaching

Anthrax Teaching

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Published by doctorrao
Anthrax Teaching
Anthrax Teaching

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: doctorrao on Feb 13, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/30/2013

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Anthrax
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
Dr.T.V.Rao MD1
 
~
60 species; Gram-positive or Gram-variable bacilli
Large (0.5 x 1.2 to 2.5 x 10 um)Most are saprophytic contaminants or normal flora
Bacillusanthracis
is most important member 
Produce
endospores
Aerobic or facultatively anaerobic
Bacillus
spp. are
ubiquitous
Soil, water, and airborne dustThermophilic (<75°C) and psychrophilic (>5-C)Can flourish at extremes of acidity & alkalinity (pH 2 to10)
General Characteristics of Bacillus
Dr.T.V.Rao MD2
 
Anthrax
From the Greek word
anthrakos
for coal
Caused by spores
Primarily a disease of domesticated & wild animals
 –
Herbivores such as sheep, cows, horses, goats
Natural reservoir is soil
 –
Does not depend on an animal reservoirmaking ithard to eradicate
 –
Cannot be regularly cultivated from soils where thereis an absence of endemic anthrax
 –
Occurs sporadically throughout US
 –
South Dakota, Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, Mississippi,California recognized endemic areas
Dr.T.V.Rao MD3

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