English Test: Sample Questions
The passage below, edited from two articles by Jason Bourke in
, is followed by anumber of questions. Answer them based on what is stated or implied in the passage:I would like to say that I have watched Pakistan change since 1998, but, sadly, I haven't.It is true that the stock-market has soared, but if the benefits of 8% GDP growth are meant to be"trickling down", it is taking a long time to do so.Islamabad remains as sleepy as ever, though sliced by new roads. Rawalpindi, its sister city, isstill a seething, dusty chaos of spluttering motor rickshaws, brightly painted lorries, tinyoverstocked shops and vast districts of packed, crumbling housing.And the new motorway to Peshawar only takes you a third of the way before you are back on theGrand Trunk Road, fringed by giant eucalyptus trees and plastic-bag strewn fields.In the evening the children from the Afghan refugee camp east of the city - one of the three maincamps has been razed in the last five years - still play cricket with hacked down bits of plank anda ball made of rubber bands, and smoke from the cooking fires lies in bands like mist on a riverabove the flat roofs of the mud homes.The road back to Islamabad is familiar, having barely changed in 10 years. Between the towns,such as Nowshera and Attock, with their dilapidated, exhaust-choked bazaars and grimy militarycantonments, are the fields and villages that make up so much of Pakistan. I watch a broken-backed old man, stooped over an exhausted donkey, drawing an overloaded cart along theroadside. Thin children in rags scrabble in the scraps behind a roadside kebab stall. Their motherstands nearby, her face covered in weeping sores.There is so much talk of militancy and extremism in Pakistan that it is often forgotten how poorthe country is. Yes, a thin slice of a new middle class is emerging, but half the population of 160million barely scrapes enough to eat; less than half has access to clean water or sanitation; andin some areas, such as those that are causing so much trouble on the Afghan frontier, literacyrates are lower than 10%.Pakistan is known for violence and religious extremism, which is a caricature of a varied andcomplex, if troubled, country. Hardly anyone mentions the constant, daily humanitarian crisisunfolding there.
1. Which of the following choices best describes the spirit of this article?
a. The people of Pakistan are extremists.b. Pakistan should complete the motorway to Peshawar as soon as possible.c. Many years of underdevelopment are now taking a toll on the people of Pakistan.d. Pakistan’s high rate of growth of GDP will soon bring prosperity to its people.
2. Which of the following statements best characterizes the cities described in this article?
a. They are quiet and sleepy places.b. The cities are littered with plastic bags.c. All military cantonments are clean and tidy.