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Logic and Critical Thinking

Logic and Critical Thinking

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Published by mubsherafirdi

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Published by: mubsherafirdi on Feb 14, 2011
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12/16/2012

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LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKINGLogic: Definitions.
1.Logic is the study used to distinguish Good from bad and correct fromIncorrect.O2.Logic is the study of the Methods and principals used to distinguish correctfrom incorrect reasoning.3.Logic is the appeal to thoughts. Thoughts can be expressed in three forms.1.General Idea2.Judgment3.Inference i.e. conclusion4.Logic is a process of application of senses.i.e.
Visual sense logically high lights colour, size, shapes, brightness,darkness.
Touch sense which logically high lights, hardness, softness, warmnessand coldness.5.According to sigmand fruand logic in a study which highlights the consciousnessand unconsciousness
Logic as a study of thoughts.
In definition logic is a process of application of senses and perception whichresults in positive thoughts.
Logic is a process of critical thinking. This is also known as logical thinking.
Logic and critical thinking are correlated to each other and are the branches of  philosophy which facilitate the application of fruit full ideas in the business.
Aristotle and John lock believed that the human mind is a blank slate and that themost ideas and knowledge comes through the application of senses.
Hence the knowledge of logic and critical thinking is a basic need for themanagers of modern world business.
Logic in term of art science.
LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING
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Science is the knowledge of nature while art is the application of science for thewell fare of human being.
As Science As Art
1.Logic Natural Ideas developed will beutilized & applied for the success of  business.2.Need Valid Result Results are used for the benefitof human kind.
LOGIC & CRITICAL THINKINGPremises & Conclusion
Premises:- are the limitations or boundary walls in which certain arguments can bediscussed. I.e. Job design.
Premises are
1.Job Analysis2.Job Specifications3.Job Enrichment4.Work Environment5.Quality of work etc.
Conclusion
are the results obtained from different arguments discussed in the premisese.g Impacts of job analysis on the1.Business profitability.2.Stock holder wealth3.Stock holder SatisfactionLogic & critical thinking are always based on certain premises & conclusion onecan not move logically without premises & conclusion.
Basic terms
 Normally the following terms are used in the process of logic & critical thinkingthese terms are known as the basic terms of logic.1.
Idea
:- It refers to a set of images originated in a creative form.
LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING
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2.
Proposition
:- Refers to the ideas which is expressed in a specified language or different languages3.Such as:-1.I speak (English language)2.Ich speech (German language)3.je parle (French language)4.
Arguments:-
refers to the set of proposition which is discussed with in specified premises.5.
Judgment
:- It is the end result of the logic process which may be
aenial 
or affirmation of the connection among ideas.
The Order of Premises & Conclusion
In the process of logic & critical thinking we discussed that premises &conclusion are the milestones, hence the order of premises & conclusion in this process isthat logic & critical thinking are always be initiated with premises & Conclusion thenafter detail & fruit full discussion results will be concluded.Hence, the order is that premises come first & conclusion at the end.i.e We open the logical & critical thinking process with premises & end this process with conclusion.e.g (A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state)(Premises) the right of the people to keep & bear Arms shall not be infringed.USA Constitution
Premises & conclusion indicator.
Distinction b/w premises & conclusion can be made in the process of logic &critical thinking through the following indicators.Premises indicator (Reason show)Since, because, as for as for, as, follows from.Conclusion indicator (Result)Therefore, hence, thus, so, accordingly as a result etc.
Arguments in context.
LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING
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