National Aeronautics and Space Administration
N A S A
Launch Period August 2011(Launch rom Cape Canaveral)Earth Flyby October 2013(Earth Gravity Assist) Arrival at Jupiter August 2016End o Mission (Deorbit) October 2017Spacecrat Mass 3625 kgSolar Arrays (3) 2.65 m x 8.9 m (435 W total at end o mission)
Juno Mission to Jupiter
Juno’s primary goal is to reveal the story o the orma-tion and evolution o the giant planet Jupiter. Using amicrowave observational technique or the frst time,Juno detects the thermal radiation rom several layersdeep below the clouds simultaneously. This allows Junoto determine the all-important water abundance. Themotion o the spacecrat near Jupiter provides inorma-tion on Jupiter’s gravity feld, whether a solid core existsand how the giant planet rotates. Multiple orbits provideJuno the ability to precisely measure the magnetic feldand investigate its auroras—the strongest in the solarsystem. An understanding o the origin and evolution oJupiter, as the archetype o giant planets, can providethe knowledge needed to understand the origin o oursolar system and planetary systems around other stars.
Science Objectives Instrument
Atmospheric Compositionand DynamicsMagnetic FieldGravity FieldPolar MagnetosphereVisible Imaging CameraMeasure the water and ammoniaabundance in Jupiter’s atmosphereDetermine magnetic feld and timevariabilityMeasure the gravity feld to explore howmass is distributed inside the planetExplore and characterize the three-dimensional magnetosphere and aurorasPublic processing o unprecedented close-up images o Jupiter and the frst views oits polesMicrowave Radiometer (MWR) andInrared Spectrometer/Imager (JIRAM)Fluxgate Magnetometer (MAG)X- & Ka-band uplink and downlinkJuno Energetic Particle Detector Instru-ment (JEDI), Jovian Auroral DistributionsExperiment (JADE), Ultraviolet Spectrom-eter (UVS), Radio and Plasma Waves Ex-periment (WAVES), Inrared Spectrometer/Imager (JIRAM)JunoCam