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6 Month Report UNICEF Pakistan

6 Month Report UNICEF Pakistan

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Published by UNICEF Sverige
Six months have passed since Pakistan experienced the worst monsoon floods in its recorded history. This is a 6 Month Report from UNICEF Pakistan
Six months have passed since Pakistan experienced the worst monsoon floods in its recorded history. This is a 6 Month Report from UNICEF Pakistan

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Published by: UNICEF Sverige on Feb 14, 2011
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09/22/2011

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Six Months After the Floods
CHILDRENIN PAKISTAN
January 2011
 
2 • Children in Pakistan
At the height of the oods, millions of people weredisplaced across all four provinces and camps dot
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ted Pakistan’s landscape. Each region experienced theoods differently as the waters ravaged the moun
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tainous northern areas, down to the vast farmlands,the busy cities, towards the delta that opens up to theArabian Sea. Yet, in the struggle, the people of Paki
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stan have been united, demonstrating remarkableresilience. Some in the north have had to face triplethreats: struggling with the erce oods, displace
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ment caused by conict and the arrival of a bitterlycold winter. Many in the south are confronted withland that is still under water after six months.UNICEF has been working for Pakistan’s children forover 60 years and has worked alongside the Govern
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ment and the people of Pakistan in many natural disas
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ters. During the ooding, UNICEF devoted all its time,resources and energy to making sure that children andwomen were being reached with supplies and servic
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es, mounting one of the largest emergency responsesin its history.
Introduction
Worst oods in history
Six months have passed since Pakistan experiencedthe worst monsoon oods in its recorded history. Un
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precedented amounts of rain and breaches in damsand embankments from late July to mid September2010 displaced millions of people. Suddenly, the nationthat was still healing from the ravages of a massiveearthquake and dealing with political, social and eco
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nomic crises has had another emergency of epic andunimaginable proportions on its hands.In the north, the violent ood waters ended the livesof close to 2,000 people. The total number of affectedpeople – 20 million – exceeded the combined total ofpeople affected by the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, the2005 Kashmir earthquake, the 2008 Cyclone Nargis andthe 2010 Haiti earthquake. One in 10 Pakistanis were af
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fected by the unprecedented oods that covered – atits height – an area the size of England. More than twomillion homes were damaged or destroyed and overtwo million hectares of crops were lost. The World Bankestimated recovery costs to be between US$8-10 bil
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lion. For the 10 million children affected by the oods,the disaster has meant the loss of homes, belongings,clothing, school, healthcare and food.
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In August, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon andUNICEF Executive Director Anthony Lake visited theood ravaged areas and called on the world to helpthe people of Pakistan. The UN initially appealed forUS$460 million in donations to provide aid to 14 mil
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lion people over a 12 month period and later revised
Six Months After the Floods • 3
UNICEF’s response: an insider’s look
July 2010
What made the 2010 Pakistan oods unique was that itwas a slowly unfolding disaster that stretched and wors
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ened over a period of seven straight weeks or 50 consec
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utive days. Following the initial heavy ooding in KhyberPakhtunkhwa (KP) province in the last days of July 2010,UNICEF immediately initiated an emergency response.Two days later, the UNICEF Representative declared thatthe Pakistan Country Ofce was in full emergency modefollowing an aerial mission by the Humanitarian Coordi
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nator, conrming the severity of the situation.
August 2010
By August 19, three weeks into the oods, the numberof affected persons rose from 400,000 to more than15 million. UNICEF dispatched its eld ofcers to dif
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ferent areas of the country to try and get a more ac
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curate picture of what was happening on the ground,and to organise and implement responses. At thesame time, the magnitude of the response required amassive scaling up of UNICEF staff, partnerships andprocurement of supplies.
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