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27 dec mis

27 dec mis

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Published by d4deepan
Brief description on management info systems...
Brief description on management info systems...

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Published by: d4deepan on Feb 14, 2011
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04/20/2014

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Neural networks:
Types: Biological, artificialA NN has to be first trained by presenting it with past cases ( after training the network can be used forclassification)The most popular type of artificial NN are used to classify input into different categories
Intelligent agents:
An agent is a piece of software that performs a task for its owner
y
 
I
nvolves A
I
combined with networks
y
 
Applications for intelligent agents have been for consumer tasks like shopping and providingrecommendations based on profile matchesDecision maker needs knowledge to make decisionsTypes of knowledge: descriptive, procedural, reasoningForms of knowledge: tacit, explicit
C
onversion of knowledge between tacit and explicit forms(after Nonaka
5
)
Tacit to tacit  socialization  team meetings and discussionsTacit to explicit  externalization  dialog within team, answer questionsExplicit to tacit  internalization  learn from a reportExplicit to explicit  combination  email a report
Fuzzy logic
An approach to uncertainty that combines real values(0,1) and logic operationsFuzzy logic is based on the ideas of fuzzy set theory and fuzzy set membership often found in language(you are tall  what is tall?, you are very tall  how does this differ from all?)..
y
 
I
n normal sets, membership is binary ( an item is either in the set or not in the set)
y
 
I
n fuzzy sets, membership is based on a degree between 0 and 1-0 = item not in set, -1 = item is in set,
I
f degree is between 0 and 1, then this degree is thedegree to which the item is thought to be in the set
y
 
I
n a way, this is like the statistic approaches, but it differs
y
 
U
nlike statistics and probabilities, the degree is not describing a propertyDistinctions to probabilities
y
 
W
hy both fuzzy sets and probabilities use real numbers to describe a degree of membershipthey differ:Membership functions are not necessarily based on statistic distributionsFuzzy logic deals with deterministic plausibilityProbabilities dal more with non-deterministic but stochastic events and their likelihoodsSet operations:

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