EGR220 Than & Bhavin Lab #2Page 1
Introduction and Objectives
Diodes are non-linear devices and there are many non-linear circuit applications of diodes. However, limitercircuits, which involve diodes, can act as a linearcircuit for a certain range. Therefore, in this lab, wewere instructed to measure and analyze transfercharacteristic of limiter circuits. The primaryobjectives of this lab are:1.
To analyze and understand the nature of limiter circuits and clipping2.
To understand about transfer characteristic of limiter circuit3.
To be able to approximate the transfercharacteristic of limiter circuit with ideal andconstant voltage drop model.4.
To be able to capture the transfer functions of limiter circuit
Equipments and Components used
In this lab, the equipments and components we usedare:- diodes: 1N914 (x2);
resistors: 10KΩ @ 1W (or
more) (x2); a breadboard, a waveform generator,±20V power supply, a multi-meter, an Oscilloscope tocapture the I-V curve, wires and cords.
Procedure 1: Analyzing Transfer Functions of Half-Wave Rectifier Circuits
Figure 1In order to capture the transfer function onOscilloscope, we used time varying voltage source( ±10V Sine Wave with frequency of 1kHz). Oneoscilloscope probe was directly connect to the voltagesource and the other was placed across the diode tomeasure diode voltage. We, then, captured theoscilloscope images of the both V
.Figure 2: 2 Waveforms of V
(10Vpp) and V
Figure 3: Transfer Function of V
By moving the cursor, we figured out themaximum and minimum
. We found that themaximum output voltage is nearly zero and theminimum output voltage is almost -10.0V and themaximum current is 1 mA, and Vpp for output voltageis 10V. Our findings were agreed with our calculationsbased on Ideal Model. In oder to calculate theconduction angle, we solved for
from the followingequation:10 Sin (
) = 0 (1)
= 0 or
π; therefore, half cycle of the
input waveform. We could also see that effect ontransfer function image, in which the slanted line