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Eletronics Lab Report - Diodes - Transfer Function

Eletronics Lab Report - Diodes - Transfer Function

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Published by Than Lwin Aung
EGR220

Than & Bhavin

Lab #2

Introduction and Objectives
Diodes are non-linear devices and there are many nonlinear circuit applications of diodes. However, limiter circuits, which involve diodes, can act as a linear circuit for a certain range. Therefore, in this lab, we were instructed to measure and analyze transfer characteristic of limiter circuits. The primary objectives of this lab are: 1. To analyze and understand the nature of limiter circuits and clipping 2. To understand about trans
EGR220

Than & Bhavin

Lab #2

Introduction and Objectives
Diodes are non-linear devices and there are many nonlinear circuit applications of diodes. However, limiter circuits, which involve diodes, can act as a linear circuit for a certain range. Therefore, in this lab, we were instructed to measure and analyze transfer characteristic of limiter circuits. The primary objectives of this lab are: 1. To analyze and understand the nature of limiter circuits and clipping 2. To understand about trans

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Published by: Than Lwin Aung on Feb 15, 2011
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02/26/2013

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EGR220 Than & Bhavin Lab #2Page 1
Introduction and Objectives
Diodes are non-linear devices and there are many non-linear circuit applications of diodes. However, limitercircuits, which involve diodes, can act as a linearcircuit for a certain range. Therefore, in this lab, wewere instructed to measure and analyze transfercharacteristic of limiter circuits. The primaryobjectives of this lab are:1.
 
To analyze and understand the nature of limiter circuits and clipping2.
 
To understand about transfer characteristic of limiter circuit3.
 
To be able to approximate the transfercharacteristic of limiter circuit with ideal andconstant voltage drop model.4.
 
To be able to capture the transfer functions of limiter circuit
Equipments and Components used
In this lab, the equipments and components we usedare:- diodes: 1N914 (x2);
resistors: 10KΩ @ 1W (or 
more) (x2); a breadboard, a waveform generator,±20V power supply, a multi-meter, an Oscilloscope tocapture the I-V curve, wires and cords.
Procedures
Procedure 1: Analyzing Transfer Functions of Half-Wave Rectifier Circuits
Figure 1In order to capture the transfer function onOscilloscope, we used time varying voltage source( ±10V Sine Wave with frequency of 1kHz). Oneoscilloscope probe was directly connect to the voltagesource and the other was placed across the diode tomeasure diode voltage. We, then, captured theoscilloscope images of the both V
i
and V
o
.Figure 2: 2 Waveforms of V
i
(10Vpp) and V
o
Figure 3: Transfer Function of V
i
and V
o
By moving the cursor, we figured out themaximum and minimum
V
o
. We found that themaximum output voltage is nearly zero and theminimum output voltage is almost -10.0V and themaximum current is 1 mA, and Vpp for output voltageis 10V. Our findings were agreed with our calculationsbased on Ideal Model. In oder to calculate theconduction angle, we solved for
θ
from the followingequation:10 Sin (
θ
) = 0 (1)
θ
= 0 or
θ
=
π. Δθ
=
π; therefore, half cycle of the
input waveform. We could also see that effect ontransfer function image, in which the slanted line
 
EGR220 Than & Bhavin Lab #2Page 2
represents the half of waveform.In oder to understand the effect of changing amplitudeof input voltage, we again used the ±8V Sine Wavewith frequency of 1kHz for input voltage, and capturedthe oscilloscope images.Figure 4: 2 Waveforms of V
i
(8 Vpp) and V
o
Figure 5: Transfer Function of V
i
(8 Vpp) and V
o
From our measurement, we found that the minimumoutput voltage of the limiter circuit became smaller asthe input voltage became smaller.Figure 5: Transfer Function of V
i
(8 Vpp) and V
o
(Opposite Polarity of Diode in Circuit 1)We also found that when we changed the polarity of the diode, the minimum and maximum output voltagebecame 0V and +8V. We could make a conclusion thatwe could change the polarity and amplitude of transferfunction by changing the polarity of diode in thelimiter circuit and input voltage source.
Procedure 2: Analyzing Transfer Functions of Double- Limiter Circuits
Figure 6We built the circuit as shown in figure 6, and capturedthe oscilloscope image of the transfer function. Fromour pre-lab, calculation we estimated that the max andmin of output voltage would be ±5V (~6.5V) , sincethe diode can give linearity between 0 and 0.65V .Figure 7: 2 Waveforms of V
i
(10Vpp) and V
o
n oder to calculate the conduction angle, we solved for
θ
from the following equation:

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