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33888

33888

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Published by MarbleMan

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Published by: MarbleMan on Nov 13, 2007
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10/18/2012

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Revised04/18/071
MusicFacts—MusicTheory1.RhythmandNoteParts
1
Beat  
or   
Counttheconsistentpulsethatoccursthroughoutarhyme,songorrecordedmusicalselection.Inmusic,weshowthepulse(  
or   
beats)bytappingourfoot.Wecansayorcounttherhythmbygivingeachnoteorrestanumberorsyllable.  
2
Durationhowlongasoundlasts,orthenumberofbeatsorcountsthatanoteorrestlasts   
3
Notationthewayinwhichmusiciswrittendown,usuallyonastaff,indicatingspecificpitchesandthedurationofeachpitchorrest.  
4
Rhythmthenotation(orwrittenform)ofsoundandsilenceusingnotesandrests   
5
Note—asymbolwhichshowsthedurationofthesoundandthepitchofthesound   
6
Restasymbolwhichshowsthedurationofsilencebetweennotes   
7
Noteheadtheovalshapedpartofanote   
8
Stemtheverticallineattachedtotherightorleftsideofthenotehead   
9
Flagaflag-shapedsymbolattachedtotherightsideofastemwhichchangesthedurationofanote   
10
Stemdirectionruleifthenoteheadisonorabovethethirdlineofthestaff,thestemgoesdownandisattachedtotheleftside.Ifthenoteheadisbelowthethirdline,thestemgoesupandisattachedtotherightside.  
2.BasicNotesandCounting
11
Linenotes—noteswhosenoteheadscirclealineinthestaff  
12
Spacenotes—noteswhosenoteheadsarebetween2linesinthestaff  
13
Wholenote—4countsofsoundCounting:1---(wuh-uh-uh-un)  
14
WholerestonecompletemeasureofsilenceCounting:R---(reh-eh-eh-est)  
15
Halfnote—2countsofsoundCounting:1-,  
or   
2-,  
or   
3(wuh-un,  
or   
too-ooh,  
or   
three-ee)  
16
Halfrest2countsofsilenceCounting:R(reh-est)  
 
Revised04/18/072
17
Quarternote—1countofsoundCounting:1,  
or   
2,  
or   
3,  
or   
4(one,  
or   
two,  
or   
three   
or   
four)  
18
Quarterrest1countofsilenceCounting:R(rest)  
19
Dottedhalfnote—3countsofsoundCounting:1--,  
or   
2--(wuh-uh-un,  
or   
too-oo-ooh)  
20
Te(pronouncedTAY)—thesyllableforthesecondhalfofacount,ortheoffbeat  
21
Dottedquarternote1½countsofsoundCounting:1-,  
or   
3(wuh-un,  
or   
three-ee)  
22
Eighthnote—1/2countofsoundCounting:noteonthebeat1,  
or   
2,  
or   
3,  
or   
4;noteoffthebeatte(pronouncedtay)  
23
Eighthrest1/2countofsilenceCounting:r(rest)  
24
Eighthnotes—2ormoreeighthnotesbeamedtogether.2eighthnotesequal1count.Counting:noteonthebeat1,  
or   
2,  
or   
3,  
or   
4;noteoffthebeatte(pronouncedtay)  
25
Sixteenthnotes—1/4countofsound.4sixteenthnotesequal1count.Counting:1tateta,  
or   
2tateta,  
or   
3tateta,  
or   
4tateta(pronouncedtahtaytah)  
3.StaffSymbols
26
Staffthefivelinesandfourspacesonwhichmusiciswritten.Thelinesandspacesarenumberedfromthebottomtothetop.  
27
Barlineaverticallinewhichdividesthestaffintomeasures   
28
Measure—agroupofbeatsandthenotesandrestswrittenonthebeatsinthespacebetween2barlines   
29
Doublebarlineathinlineandathicklinewhichshowstheendofapieceofmusic   
 
Revised04/18/073
30
Repeat—twodotsplacedbeforeadoublebarline,whichmeantogobackwithoutstoppingtothebeginningortoaninteriorrepeatandplayagain   
31
Clefasymbolplacedatthebeginningofthestafftoindicatethepitchofthenotesonthestaff.  
32
Treblecleftheclefsignusedforthestaffonwhichnotesforhighersoundingpitchesarewritten,alsocalledGclefbecauseitcirclestheGline   
33
Basscleftheclefsignusedforthestaffonwhichnotesforlowersoundingpitchesarewritten,alsocalledFclefbecausethe2dotsareoneithersideoftheFline   
34
Ledgerashortlineabove   
or   
belowthestaffusedtowritenoteshigher   
or   
lowerthanthenotesinthestaff  
4.MeterandTimeSignatures
35
Meterthegroupingofaccentedandunaccentedbeatsinapatternoftwo(ONE,two,ONE,two)orthree(ONE,two,three,ONE,two,three)orcombinationsoftwoandthree,whichgivesorganization,consistencyandflowtothemusic.  
36
TimeorMeterSignatureasymbolusuallyconsistingoftwonumbers.Thetopnumbertellshowmanycountsorbeatsareinameasure,andthebottomnumbertellswhatkindofnotegetsonebeatorcount.  
37
4beatspermeasureQuarternotegetsonebeat2beatspermeasureQuarternotegetsonebeat3beatspermeasureQuarternotegetsonebeat4beatspermeasureQuarternotegetsonebeat  
Commontime—thesameas4/4
6beatspermeasureEighthnotegetsonebeat2beatspermeasureHalfnotegetsonebeat2beatspermeasureHalfnotegetsonebeat  
Cuttime—thesameas2/2    

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