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Multimedia Video Conference Identities Study

Multimedia Video Conference Identities Study

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Published by ijcsis
In multimedia conferences there are many Video Conference System (VCS) applications with specific features for each such identity, Support Global Roaming and Support Multiple Client behind NAT. one of the most important features in VCS is the identity, which control and manage the system. The identity feature includes chairman, participants and observers. In this paper we made comparison between the six VCS systems in term of identity feature. At the end we found the NLVC is slightly better than other systems and it is useful for control.
In multimedia conferences there are many Video Conference System (VCS) applications with specific features for each such identity, Support Global Roaming and Support Multiple Client behind NAT. one of the most important features in VCS is the identity, which control and manage the system. The identity feature includes chairman, participants and observers. In this paper we made comparison between the six VCS systems in term of identity feature. At the end we found the NLVC is slightly better than other systems and it is useful for control.

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Published by: ijcsis on Feb 15, 2011
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol.
9
 , No.
1
 , 201
1
 
Multimedia Video Conference Identities Study
Mahmoud Baklizi
1
, Nibras Abdullah
1
, Ali Abdulqader Bin Salem
1
,
 
Sima Ahmadpour
1
,
Sureswaran Ramadass
1
.1: National Advanced IPv6 Centre of Excellence1: Universiti Sains Malaysia1: Pinang, Malaysia1: {mbaklizi, abdullahfaqera, ali, sima, sures}@nav6.org
 Abstract
 — 
 
In multimedia conferences there are manyVideo Conference System (VCS) applications withspecific features for each such identity, Support GlobalRoaming and Support Multiple Client behind NAT. oneof the most important features in VCS is the identity,which control and manage the system. The identityfeature includes chairman, participants and observers.In this paper we made comparison between the six VCSsystems in term of identity feature. At the end wefound the NLVC is slightly better than other systemsand it is useful for control.
 Keywords- NLVC, Eyeball chat, WebEx, Skype, Polycom PVX, Meeting Plaza, Chairman, Participant,Observer.
I.
 
I
NTRODUCTION
Recently, many areas that used distributed computernetwork systems are increasing rapidly such asindustry, academia, and government. Videoconferencing system is a type of computer-basedcommunication applications. The idea of videoconferencing appeared for the first time in the 1920s[1]. The task of video conferences focuses to betogether in space and time. In addition, it focuses tomake groups more effective in their work by usingvarious services such as telephony service over IPnetworks that are known as IP telephony or Voiceover IP [2].Products of video conference
 
contain a wide range of interactive features of multiple reciprocal actionsbetween the participants. Significantly, in many caseson the internet you can add live video image to apresentation for more effectiveness of education.Supports for a wide range of activities based on video[3].Voice conversation is the most natural form of interpersonal Communication. In a conversation withat least two participants, every person will finishspeaking to be the fact thoughts and hear otherstransforming. In rare cases, several participants canspeak at the same time or one of them can interruptanother, so that occur ambiguous words. Face to Faceconversation is, in that all participants in the samephysical location, as a meeting place. However, dueto the globalization of the activities, there is anincreasing need to communicate to a person aboutgeographical locations. Thereby the development of systems becomes to allow a high perception of thepresent for face to face like the communication withhigh-quality speech [4].The goal of this paper is to investigate how NLVC(Northern Light Videoconference) reacts to network congestion that is, how NLVC manages and handlesthe sessions to improve slightly comparing with fiveproducts Eyeball Chat, Meeting Plaza, MicrosoftCommunicator, Polycom PVX, and Skype systems.The paper is organized as follows: in Section II, wepresent a brief of user identities; in Section III wedescribe the NLVC system; Section IV describes thecomparison of products; Section V shows thecomparison of NLVC and other products; finallySection VI concludes the paper.II.
 
U
SER
I
DENTITIES
In general, any conference and meeting session ismade up of at least one of the following useridentities: (i) conference chairman; (ii) participants;(iii) observers. The conference participants must beexisting in any conference meeting.
-The Observer site
is allowed only to see theconference, and it is not admitted by activeparticipation in the conference.
-The Participant site
can take a contribution andpart of the conference. In other words, everyparticipant can send inquiry to an active side to sendaudio, video, chat and files [5].-
The Chairman site
initiates the conference whichconsiders the responsible on the pre-coordination,organization, and company. Moreover, the chairmansite
can decide, „why / what‟,
 
„if„,
 
where
‟,
 
and „that‟
the meeting. It can also organize and publish anagenda meeting.The chairman site has the following features:- To have the ability to cut a short part of a lengthyactive site
, that is, to „K 
ill
the currently site that isactivated.- To have the ability to change the status of aparticipant to observer and vice-versa.- To have the ability to terminate or end theconference.It can become only one side of conferencing leader[6][5].
8 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol.
9
 , No.
1
 , 201
1
 
Generally, a conference is made up of the conferencechairman, participants and observers. The conferencechairman is the organizer and coordinator of theconference while other conference members can beparticipants or observers [7][8].III.
 
NLVC
 
S
YSTEM
 Desktop Conferencing System has becomeimmensely popular in substituting real meetings andconferences because time cannot be compromised in
today‟s world
. The idea of NLVC was adopted by[9]. NLVC depends on control criteria for theoptimization of the document and bandwidth of themultimedia Conferencing. The current NLVCimplemented by the Network Research Group (NRG)from the school of Computer science at theUniversity Science Malaysia in collaboration withMultimedia Research.The current NLVC used to utilize a switching methodto gain low bandwidth exhaustion. Nowadays, NLVCstill allows an unlimited number of users toparticipate in the conference. NLVC is a set of conference control options that can be considered asrules for controlling the current NLVC that is calledReal-time Switching (RSW) control criteria [10].RSW is used to handle two issues in multimediaconferencing. The first one is to handle the confusionthat is generated when everyone tries to speak at thesame time. The second issue is the tremendousamount of network traffic that is generated by allparticipating sites [2]. In addition NLVC has a usefulinterface as shown in Figure 1.Fig 1: Screenshot of NLVC programIV.
 
T
HE PRODUCT COMPARISON
 1-
 
E
YEBALL
C
HAT
S
YSTEM
 The Eyeball chat is a free software parcel, integratedlive video, the conversation, the exchange of video-messages and the transference of graphic arts files,and audio. The Eyeball chat offers high-quality videochartrooms with the management of the privatesphere that integrates with AIM, messenger MSN andYahoo instruments compatible [3].According to the fact that business communicationand electronic commerce become more popular andmove into cyberspace, the businessmen like to useEyeball as a result of adopting with technologieschanging. [11].The eyeball is an instrument super massive-sharedmedia where the communication distance allows adifferent distribution channel, like video, audio, andtext messages. The video becomes high-quality, alsoeven in a slow internet connection. Anotherinteresting Feature of this software is the userfriendliness.Eyeball chat can be used either like video-messengeror video communication tool. This last feature givesthe user the more permit to send and receive videomessages. In addition, it is very useful, especiallywhen the other users are temporarily offline.Moreover, the web version of the software allows theuser to begin a chat session directly from the webbrowser. This feature is useful- for example- the usercan access the service from other locations by usingthe options that offer in Eyeball chat main menuwithout the chairman handles [12] as shown in Figure2.Fig 2: Screenshot of Eyeball Chat main menu2-
 
W
EB
E
X
S
YSTEM
 WebEx is considered an easy possibility to exchangethe ideas with each other everywhere.
9 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol.
9
 , No.
1
 , 201
1
 
WebEx has estimated, that the presidium toconferencing system tools like instant messaging thatinclude chat, audio-conferencing, presenceawareness, video conferences, application Sharing,whiteboard, vote and recording of meetinginformation [13].WebEx combines the real-time desktop sharing withphone conferencing therefore everybody sees thesame thing during speaking by using the sharingcontrols [14] as shown in Figure 3.Fig 3: Screenshot of WebEx Chat main menuIt can easily expect the coming of applicationsharing products like Microsoft Net meeting, Lotusseminal time and WebEx.com come. Participants inthe application sharing can allow to the others to seeand even control their desktop applications in thesame time the chairman can control of their desktopapplication [15].WebEx is the famous on-line system meeting forGlobal business. An efficient communication-toolsupports a wide palette of on-line meeting serviceslike application sharing, whiteboard and videoconferences. The idea is a build up a number of switching centers that are increasing in the world.Switching centers are responsible for the routing of the communication between end users. This strategyis actually concurrent for a big number of videoconferences. Even where two members are in thesame area, the data always transmitted fromswitching centers that will originate an unreasonabledelay for video communication [14].3-
 
S
KYPE
 Nowadays, the efficient transport of Multimedia-Flows is an open edition and a hot subject as long asmultimedia services are rapid in meaning. The Voice-over-IP- applications are taking an ever growingimportance like the effectiveness of Skypeapplication for end users and the application of bignetworks under SIP[16].There are several VoIP software applications on theinternet as Skype, Google talcum, Windows Livemessenger, and Yahoo messenger. After the bestknowledge, we insure, only Skype supports multi-party Conferencing [4].Skype is an interactive software application whichallows users to make calls over the internet todifferent parts of the world. It became popularlyunder addition of instant messaging, audio/video-entertainment, and file transfer Features. In Skype,phone calls to normal landline and mobile phonesneed to an emblematic fee based on debiting from theuser account system while phone calls to other Skypeusers in the service are free.Skype is principal in the educational setting to addinteraction to online courses. Students can dochatting with each other or with their teacher usingtext, audio or video [17].Skype [18] is a well-known conferencing servicewith several Million registered users communicate on(best effort) the internet [19]. Figure 4 is shownScreenshot of Skype program.Fig 4: Screenshot of Skype Program
10 http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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