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Computer Simulation tool for Learning Brownian Motion

Computer Simulation tool for Learning Brownian Motion

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Published by ijcsis
With advancement of computers and Internet, there has been an increasing trend in utilizing computers and Internet for teaching and Education. Advanced topics and High Tech experiments demand for lot of infrastructure. There are areas in living sciences and other subjects where the magnitude of information is so huge that it is more convenient to do the experiment by simulation using computers. The present work relates to development of computer based learning resource that can be used as an online teaching aid or an offline tool to study the Brownian motion in two dimensions. It is an interactive tool where the learner can change the parameters of interest to study the Brownian motion and actually see the effect by way of simulated graphics. Quantitative values of the parameters arising from the simulation study are also available to the learner. The Brownian motion is a phenomenon occurring at microscopic scale and thus actual study of the experiment requires real time monitoring of microscopic development and progress of the Brownian motion which is a tedious task and very difficult to implement in laboratory. To this effect, to carry out the experiment under different desired conditions, a computer based tool is developed that enables the learner to conduct experiment using simulation and see the results quantitatively. It is being uploaded on internet as an online e-learning material.
With advancement of computers and Internet, there has been an increasing trend in utilizing computers and Internet for teaching and Education. Advanced topics and High Tech experiments demand for lot of infrastructure. There are areas in living sciences and other subjects where the magnitude of information is so huge that it is more convenient to do the experiment by simulation using computers. The present work relates to development of computer based learning resource that can be used as an online teaching aid or an offline tool to study the Brownian motion in two dimensions. It is an interactive tool where the learner can change the parameters of interest to study the Brownian motion and actually see the effect by way of simulated graphics. Quantitative values of the parameters arising from the simulation study are also available to the learner. The Brownian motion is a phenomenon occurring at microscopic scale and thus actual study of the experiment requires real time monitoring of microscopic development and progress of the Brownian motion which is a tedious task and very difficult to implement in laboratory. To this effect, to carry out the experiment under different desired conditions, a computer based tool is developed that enables the learner to conduct experiment using simulation and see the results quantitatively. It is being uploaded on internet as an online e-learning material.

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Published by: ijcsis on Feb 15, 2011
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2011
 
Computer Simulation tool for Learning BrownianMotion
Dr Anwar Pasha Abdul Gafoor Deshmukh
Lecturer, College of Computer and Information Technology, University of Tabuk , Tabuk., Saudi Arabia.mdanwardmk@yahoo.com
 Abstract—
 
With advancement of computers and Internet, therehas been an increasing trend in utilizing computers and Internetfor teaching and Education. Advanced topics and High Techexperiments demand for lot of infrastructure. There are areas inliving sciences and other subjects where the magnitude of information is so huge that it is more convenient to do theexperiment by simulation using computers. The present workrelates to development of computer based learning resource thatcan be used as an online teaching aid or an offline tool to studythe Brownian motion in two dimensions. It is an interactive toolwhere the learner can change the parameters of interest to studythe Brownian motion and actually see the effect by way of simulated graphics. Quantitative values of the parameters arisingfrom the simulation study are also available to the learner. TheBrownian motion is a phenomenon occurring at microscopicscale and thus actual study of the experiment requires real timemonitoring of microscopic development and progress of theBrownian motion which is a tedious task and very difficult toimplement in laboratory. To this effect, to carry out theexperiment under different desired conditions, a computer basedtool is developed that enables the learner to conduct experimentusing simulation and see the results quantitatively. It is beinguploaded on internet as an online e-learning material
.
 Keywords-Computer Simulation; CBT; Brownian Motion
I
NTRODUCTION
 
The world is witnessing a change in every aspect of life sincelast 2 decades. The advance in Information Technology hasopened up new vistas in the history of education also.Computer has become a useful teaching aid. It has infactbecame an integral part of learningE-L
EARNING AND
CBTThe term E-Learning means electronic Learning and it isbasically the online delivery of information, Communication,training and learning. E-Learning seems to have a multiplicityof definitions to each of its users and the term seems to meansomething different. A very comprehensive definition has beengiven by the Cisco System, which defines ‘E-Learning isInternet-enabled learning. Components can include contentdelivery in multiple formats, management of the learningexperience, and a networked community of learners, contentdevelopers and experts. E-Learning provides faster learning atreduced costs, increased access to learning, and clearaccountability for all participants in the learning process.The World Wide Web now offers the possibility of conductingCBT on a global scale, without the usual restrictions of platform dependence, the cost of mailing materials, andidentifying interested users. Instead of searching for peoplewho would like to use a given CBT model, the Web allows thereader to find the material and review it at his own pace.Because Web pages can be updated at any point, it is possibleto keep the CBT materials up to date without having to doanything except edit the HTML documents involved. It is alsopossible to keep channels of communication open betweenauthor and reader, even if the two have never met before or hadany sort of contact. Finally, the use of server-side scripts andinteractive forms make it possible for the reader to be tested onwhat he has learned without any need for supervision.Computer-based training (CBT) services are useful where astudent learns by executing special training programs on acomputer relating to their occupation. CBT is especiallyeffective for training people to use computer applicationsbecause the CBT program can be integrated with theapplications so that students can practice using the applicationas they learn.B
ROWNIAN MOTION
 The Brownian motion has been named in the honor of theScottish botanist Robert Brown. He has presented the theory of Random movement of particles. The Brownian motion is therandom movement of particles discovered by the Scottishbotanist Robert Brown has made microscopically observationsin the months of June, July and August, 1827, on the particlescontained in the pollen of plants; and on the general existenceof active molecules in organic and inorganic bodies, which canbe found in the miscellaneous botanical works of RobertBrown, Volume 1. In his experiment he found that “the pollenparticles appeared to move in a completely random fashion”.The major contribution to the explanation, interpretation andapplication came from Albert Einstien in 1905and MarianSmoluchowski obtained that “If Kinetic theory of moleculeswas right, then the molecules in the water would move atrandom, the small particles to move in exactly the same waydescribed by Brown.” This work of Einstien was furtherrefined by Norbart Weiner a mathematician at MIT, in 1923,established the modern mathematical framework of Brownianmotion.O
UTLINE OF
A
CTUAL
W
ORK
 The principles and logic of the Brownian motion is be derivedfrom standard literature such as books and research journals.
156http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 9, No. 1, January 2011
 For the implementation of the CBT, necessary algorithms aredesigned and tested initially in C++ and later on implementedon a Windows based platform using Html java with stronggraphics support for user friendly interactive input and outputfacility. This CBT tool is simulates the Brownian motion withthe parameters provided by the user. As the Brownian motionprecedes the random movement of the particle performingBrownian motion is displayed graphically. During its motionthe path traced by the movement is also be displayedgraphically. The basic concept involves the displacement of theparticle performing the Brownian motion so the numericalvalues of the parameters of interest are separately recorded. Atthe end of the motion the variables of interest will be displayedand the user can go for a fresh experiment again or quit theprogram.T
ESTING AND
P
RESENTATION
 The opening page of the CBT is provided with active links tothe resources within the CBT to make different features andinformation available. In addition to the links provided on theleft giving information of related topics. The learner canvisualize graphically and perceive the way the movement of thegas molecules behaves under changing conditions.Figure-1(a) Brownian motion of 50 gas molecules’Figure-1(b) Brownian motion of 200 gas molecules’To study the effect of pressure, one has to change the numberof particles present in the container. As an increase in pressurecauses an increase in density of the gas molecules, an increasein pressure of gas results in an increase in the number of molecules present in a given volume of gas. By default thesimulation window uses 100 molecules, an increase in value Ncorresponds to an increase in pressure (Figure-1(b)) anddecrease in N correspond to decrease in pressure (Figure-1(a).Thus the simulation of the movement of the gas molecules canbe studied under changing pressure conditions. Random zigzagmotion of the molecules when collide with each other undergodeflection and the path is changed that can be clearly seen inthe simulation. The effect of change in pressure can bevisualized clearly from the simulation.In case if the particles collide with a particle with a differentmass, the displacement of the particle will depend on the massof the particle. To study the effect of the relative masses theratio of M1: M2 can be changed; the value of M1/M2 isassigned a value of 27 by default This means the mass of thered molecule (M1) is 27 times greater than the rest of themolecules. This simulation allows for the study of the effect of M1/M2 on the distance moved by the particle in one collisionor the mean free path when taken on an average basis. It can beclearly seen in the simulation that as the ratio of M1/M2 islarge (Figure-1(c), the displacement of the particle is small andfor smaller values of M1/M2, this distance moved in onecollision is large. Thus the process of Brownian motion can beclearly studied, perceived and understood by a learner which isnot that easy in actual laboratory. This also demonstrates theconcept of momentum transfer as the larger mass undergoessmaller displacement and vice versa. (Figure-1(d)Figure-1(c)Brownian motion with 50 mass(m2/m1)Figure-1(d)Brownian motion with 25 mass(m2/m1)
157http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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