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Report on Rapid Town Assessment (A1)

Report on Rapid Town Assessment (A1)

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Published by Sorn Somoline

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Published by: Sorn Somoline on Feb 15, 2011
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02/15/2011

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2010
EXTENSION OF WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION INKAMPOT DOWNTOWN PROJECT OF UN-HABITAT
 
COMMUNITY-BASED WATER SUPPLY ANDSANITATION PROJECTOutput Under The Cooperation Agreement BetweenUN-HABITATATandKampot Water Supply UtilityReport onRapid Town Assessment Containing Primary Data onWater and Sanitation, Urban Planning Capabilities inKampot Town, Broad Cost -Sharing Options, IndicativeCost-Sharing and Implementation Arrangements (A1)
 
KAMPOT
 
WATER
 
SUPPLY
 
UTILITYKAMPOT
 
CAMBODIA
BY
 
SORN SOMOLINE
 
Mekong Regional Water and Sanitation Program (MEK-WATSAN)
 
 
2
 
Contents
 
1.
 
Introduction.............................................................................................................................3
 
2.
 
Objective.................................................................................................................................3
 
3.
 
Methodology...........................................................................................................................4
 
4.
 
Location and Target Area........................................................................................................7
 
5.
 
Socio-Economic Context.........................................................................................................8
 
5.1. Population.............................................................................................................................8
 
5.2. Employment.......................................................................................................................12
 
5.3. Household income and expenditure...................................................................................17
 
5.4. Social Structure and Zoning...............................................................................................21
 
5.5. Poverty Spatial Distribution...............................................................................................23
 
5.5.1 Poverty Mapping..........................................................................................................24
 
5.5.2 Result of poverty mapping...........................................................................................26
 
6.
 
Gender Issue..........................................................................................................................27
 
7.
 
Dwelling................................................................................................................................27
 
8.
 
Present Situation of Water Supply in Kampot Downtown...................................................31
 
8.1 Health and Sanitation..........................................................................................................31
 
8.2 Water Sources used in the target area covered by the pipe by Kampot Wtare Supply.......33
 
8.3 Water sources used in the target area..................................................................................36
 
8.3.1 Sources Water for drinking..........................................................................................37
 
8.3.2 Source of water for cooking.........................................................................................38
 
8.3.3. Sources of water for bathing.......................................................................................39
 
8.3.4 Sources of water for washing.......................................................................................40
 
9.
 
Willingness to pay for water connection fee.........................................................................41
 
10.
 
Sanitation and Waste Disposal..............................................................................................43
 
10.1 Toilet Type........................................................................................................................45
 
10.2 Disposal of household waste water...................................................................................45
 
11. Solid waste management.........................................................................................................45
 
12.
 
Urban Development Planning...............................................................................................46
 
12.1 The process of Tuek Chhu district and Kampot Municipality..........................................46
 
in preparation of development plan...........................................................................................46
 
12.2 District/Municipality development plan............................................................................50
 
12.3 Development plan related to water and sanitation............................................................52
 
13.
 
View on future development of water and............................................................................52
 
sanitation.......................................................................................................................................52
 
13.1 Commune Development Plan............................................................................................52
 
13.2. Planning for Extension of Water Supply..........................................................................53
 
14.
 
Broad Cost Sharing Options..................................................................................................57
 
15.
 
Indicative Cost Sharing Options...........................................................................................57
 
16.
 
Implementation Arrangement...............................................................................................58
 
16.1 Survey and Design.............................................................................................................60
 
16.2 Pipe Lay.............................................................................................................................61
 
16.3 Latrine Construction..........................................................................................................61
 
16.4 Initial Environmental Examination...................................................................................61
 
Annex 1: Questionnaire Related to Willingness to Pay for Water Connection fee.Annex 2: Poor household resultAnnex 3: Development Plan MatrixAnnex 4: Stakeholders budget cost sharingAnnex 5: Appoint agreement
 
3 
1.
 
Introduction
The primary purpose of the project is to improve water supply and environmental sanitation forat least 7,500 poor people or 75% of the poor in Kampot Town. The targeted area that wasselected for water supply is: Kampong Bay,Traeuy Kaoh , Kampong Kraeng commune. Forimproving the sanitation condition in the Kampot town the project selected five more communeas Kampong Kandal, Andoung Khmaer, Maekprang, Krang Ampil, Chum Kriel, and TrapaengThum.The household survey questionnaires identified the general condition of family in the target arearelated to water and sanitation include the willingness to pay for water supply. This informationprovides the backdrop to one of the fundamental tasks assigned in the Terms of Reference of theCommunity and Sanitation specialist. In this mission aim to expand and refine this informationby developing a more comprehensive understanding of household identification and the behaviorof household participants in water supply and sanitation. This is expected to provide a basis,together with other parallel efforts such as those to strengthen local community, forrecommending project interventions to improve local community's ownership on safe water useand environmental development. Potential project interventions would include promotes pro-poor urban water governance, urban water conservation and demand management, integratedurban environmental sanitation and income generation for the urban poor through communitybased water and sanitation services.
2.
 
Objective
The principal objectives of community and sanitation specialist are:-
 
Conducting a rapid town assessment to determine the status of water and sanitation andthe prevailing urban planning and investment capacities to address those;-
 
Undertaking an assessment of demand for improved water supply and sanitation throughwillingness to pay and affordability surveys;-
 
Establishing community based financing mechanisms and tariff policies for sustainableaccess for the poor to improved water supply and sanitation;-
 
Extending a community based master plan for solid waste management system anddemonstration of solutions at the community level;-
 
Implementing a water sanitation and hygiene awareness component based on theprinciples of Human Values Based Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Education and;Demonstrating approaches for improved Water Conservation and Demand Management.

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