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A Settler Who Received Land During a Named Plantation in Ireland During the 16th or 17th Century

A Settler Who Received Land During a Named Plantation in Ireland During the 16th or 17th Century

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Published by rupart duckington
People in history: "a settler who received land during a named plantation in Ireland during the 16th or 17th century" sample answer (2010, q4 A iii)
People in history: "a settler who received land during a named plantation in Ireland during the 16th or 17th century" sample answer (2010, q4 A iii)

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Published by: rupart duckington on Feb 15, 2011
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11/08/2012

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A settler who received land during a namedplantation in Ireland during the 16
th
or 17
th
centuryI am a settler who received land during theMunster plantation in the 16
th
century. QueenElizabeth I is the monarch in charge of thisplantation. She is fighting against the Fitzgeralds,the Earls of Desmond. She first sent over twogroups of people. The first were the presidents. These were people sent over to impose English lawand the protestant religion. She also sent overadventurers to lay claim to land in munster.However, in the 1560s and 1570s this caused tworebellions of which James Fitzmaurice Fitzgeraldwas the leader. First, the English forces defeatedthe rebels. The pope sent 600 soldiers to help therebels, but when they landed in Smerwick harbourthey were forced to surrender to the lord deputyand were massacred on the spot. The rebels landwas confiscated after this occasion. This added upto three hundred thousand acres of land. The land is divided into estates, the largest of which is 12,000 acres and has been given to thequeen’s favourite, Sir Walter Raleigh. There was tobe no mixing. The planted farmers were notallowed to employ Irish people to work on theirfarms. The planters have built garrisons to defendtheir land. The estates were given to undertakers,called so because they undertook to fulfil certainconditions (eg, not employing the Irish). This plantation has had mixed results on mynew country of Ireland. Only 1/3 of the 20,000people expected came to be planted. The planterswere unable to find enough british people toemploy, and so some have had to employ Irishpeople instead. The nine years war took its toll oneveryone. Many planters moved back to England,but I (along with many others) stayed on my

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