by the pigs are based on the techniques that the Soviet government used to control andmanipulate what the Russian people knew, saw, or heard.
Squealer: Do not imagine, comrades, that leadership is a pleasure. On the contrary, it is adeep and heavy responsibility. No one believes more firmly than Comrade Napoleon that all animals are equal. He would be only too happy to let you make your decisions for yourselves. But sometimes you might make the wrong decisions, comrades, and then whereshould we be?(Animal Farm.Chapter- 5).
In Animal Farm, Napoleon, through Squealer, uses the animals' naivety to his advantage atmany times, from distorting the image of Snowball to using the animals' susceptible mindsto build up on his own personal gain.In Russia, after Trotsky was forced out of the country, every trace of him was removed(picture, newspaper articles, documents) by Stalin, whom didn't want any evidence of Trotsky left in Russian history. Also, Stalin's newspaper, Pravda, was also used to edit andcontrol what kind of information the workers received. The pigs on Animal Farm representthe Soviet government, with Napoleon resembling Stalin, and Squealer as his news agencyPravda, because both forms of independent use manipulative means to get what they wantout of their civilians, either it is for their own personal gain, or what they wanted and didn'twant the workers to know. Therefore, the pigs' rule and use of propaganda resemble theway Russia was ruled.