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San Marco Press Kit

San Marco Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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12/27/2012

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--
'
NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS
AND
SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
TELS
WO2-41
W
A
WASHINGTON,
DC20546
W(T
-h925
FOR
RELEASE:
MONDAY
AM's
DecemberY,19u4RELEASE
NO:
64-301
ITALIAN
SAN
MARCO
SATELLITE
LAUNCH
SETFROMWALLOPS
The
Italian
Commissionfor
Space
Research
and
the
National
Aeronautics,
andSpace
Administration
soonwillplace
in
orbit
the
firstSan
Marcosatellitedesigned
and
builtby
the
Italians
to
conduct
continuousmeasurements
of
Air
Density.Thelaunch,
scheduled
from
Wallops
Island,
Va.,
no
earlier
than
Dec.
11,
will
be
conducted
by
a
NASA-trained
Italianlaunch
crew.
A
four-stage
solid
propellant.
Scout,
designated
San
14arco
Scout
1,
will
be
the
launch
vehicle.This
will
be
the
first
time
in
the
NASA
internationalcooperativeprogram
that
a
satellite
launch
operation
hasbeen
conducted
by
abeam
of
foreign
nationals.UnitedStateslauncncrewshaveplaced
in
orbit
two
United
Kingdom
satel-
lltesand
one
Canadian
satellite.-more-12/2/64
~~~~~~~~~~~~-
-
FapissEtw1w.s%
&
fO
r
 
-2-
The
254-pound
San
Marco
satellite
will
be
launched
in
an
easterlydirection
from
Wallops
Island.
Inclination
to
the
equator
will
be
37.7
degrees.
Its
orbit
is
expected
to
have
a
perigee(low
point)
of
approximately
135
statutemiles
(214
kilometers)and
an apogee
(highpoint)
of
about
420
statute
miles
(677
kilometers).
OBJECTIVES
Objectives
of
the
mission
are
(1)
to
serve
as
a
training
exercise
for
the
Italian
launch
crew
in
preparation
for
a
sea
platform
operation;
(2)
to
qualify
the
San
Marco
space-craft
for
a
later
launch
intoan
equatorial
orbit
from
a
sea
platform
in the
Indian
Ocean near
the
Equator;and
(3) to
provide
measurements
of
air
density
and
to
investigate
ionos-pheric
characteristicsrelated
to
interferencewith
long-range
radiotransmissions.Instrumentation
in
the
26-inchsphericalspacecraft
wastested
intwo
suborbital
flightsfrom Wallops
Island
last
year
--
April
20
and
Aug.
2.
Launchvehicle used
was
the
two-stageShotputrocket.This first
attempt
at
continuousmeasurement
of
air
dragforces
on
a
spacecraft
is
made
possible
by
a
payloadconfigura-
tion
consistingfundamentally
of
two
concentricstructures
--
a
heavy
Sphericalstructure
contained
in
a
much
lighter
spheri-
cal
outershell.Thetwospherdsare
linked
by
non-rigid
con-
neftions.
wrpore-
 
-3-
When
the
orbiting
lightoutershell
encounters
the
thin
upper
atmosphere,
it
is
retarded
by this
drag
to
a
slightdegree.
The
heavy
inner
core,
however,
continuestravelingunaffected
except
for
theforce
transmitted
bythe
flexible
connections.Theresult
is
that
the
distancesbetween
the
outer
shell
and
the
"floating"
inner
corechange.
Equivalentposition
changestakeplace
in
threeflexi-
blearmsthat
connect
thecore
and
theshell.The
precisedegree
of
movement,
reflectingatmosphericdrag
--
hence,the
airdensity
--
is
measuredby
straingaugesand
transmitted
to
ground
stationsbyradio.
A
secondexperiment,
withinstrumentsattached
to
theinner
core,
will
investigatecertaincharacteristics
in
long-rangeradio
transmissions.
The
equatorialregion
alsoisthezone
of
greatest
ex-posure
to
solarradiationwhich
heats
the
atmosphere.
This
heating
causes
the
atmosphere
to
expandandswell
to
its
highest
point
inthe
equatorial
region.
Bothexperiments
will
operate
at
maximum
advantagewhen
the
San
Marco
satellite
is
launched
into
an
equatorial
orbitfrom
the
sea
platform.-more-

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