Los Alamos National Laboratory,focused his talk on what actions theUnited States could take to dealwith North Korea’s nuclear pro-gram.He provided a brief history of the diplomatic relations betweenthe two countries,and described hismost recent trip to North Korea,which received significant mediaattention last November whenHecker returned with news that thecountry had built a state-of-the-arturanium enrichment facility.“It was shockingly modern,”Hecker said.“Everything else I hadseen in North Korea’s nuclear facil-ities looked like [it was built in the]sixties,Russian-style or forties,fifties American-style.But thisthing was modern.”Prior to the trip,he suspectedNorth Korea had performed urani-um enrichment,but estimated thatthe country would only have adozen centrifuges.He ended upseeing 2,000.“It literally blew my mind,”Hecker said.However,he emphasized thatthis was not a discovery,as it hasbeen portrayed in the press,butrather the culmination of six yearsof relationship building.Hecker has visited North Koreaevery year since 2004.“It wasn’t a shot in the dark thatwe discovered;it came from six pre-vious visits,”he said.“We had pavedthe way with them.They trusted usto tell the truth,to report those ob-servations truthfully.And we did.”Hecker also showed picturesfrom his previous visits—a girlstanding by a kiosk,adults walkingdown the street carrying cellphones—in hopes of dispellingcommon misconceptions aboutNorth Korea.Hecker indicated that the realthreat behind North Korea’s nu-clear program isn’t necessarily anuclear attack,but an accidentalmishap or the export of this tech-nology to another country.Instead of pushing for com-plete denuclearization of theNorth,an approach the U.S.hastaken in the past,he suggestedthat we work to improve our rela-tionship with the country througha plan he called “three no’s for oneyes.”During his visits,Hecker be-lieved North Korea would agreeto not build any more bombs,notimprove any of the bombs theycurrently have and not export anymore nuclear technology.In re-turn,the U.S.would be obligatedto address the fundamental inse-curities in the country.“Unless we understand NorthKorea more broadly,and not justthrough the typical U.S.nuclearlenses,then we are never going tobe able to roll back and solve theNorth Korea nuclear program,”hesaid.But Hecker saw hope for abright future.This hope,he said,came in the form of a boy wearing abaseball cap turned backwards.“He’s probably about 11 yearsold,”Hecker said.“Do you thinkwhen he’s 21 years old they aregoing to keep him from everythinglike they are people from now?There’s no way.”Even though yesterday’s eventwas held in a dorm,there was still astrong showing of non-students.“I must say in the five years I’vebeen here at Stanford,it seemed tobe that the students keep gettingyounger every year,”Hecker said.“I must say,tonight is a bit of an ex-ception.”The lecture series will contin-ue next Tuesday when BartonBernstein,professor emeritus of history,will discuss the meaningof the Cuban Missile Crisis in theFlorence Moore lounge at 7:30p.m.
Contact Kurt Chirbas at kchirbas@ stanford.edu.
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The Stanford Daily
Board ofTrusteesapprove new construction
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
The Board of Trustees approvedproposals for construction of the Jilland John Freidenrich Center forTranslational Research,the designof the West Campus RecreationCenter and the expansion of Stan-ford Auxiliary Library III (SAL3) attheir Feb.7-8 meeting.The Freidenrich Center willhouse work that turns new discover-ies into treatments for patients,espe-cially clinical trials in cancer treat-ment,and will be the center of theSchool of Medicine’s work in trans-lational research.These new treat-ments will be done together withStanford Hospital & Clinics and Lu-cile Packard Children’s Hospital.The new building will be locatedat the intersection of Welch Roadand Durand Way and is slated toopen Aug.2012.The West Campus RecreationCenter cleared the second phase of the approval process with theBoard’s design approval.The centerwill be similar in design and size tothe Arrillaga Center for Sports andRecreation,measuring 75,000square feet and costing $35.5 mil-lion.The design includes basketballcourts,lockers,showers and fitness,wellness and recreation spaces.Itwill also include a 50-meter swim-ming pool to replace the Roble Gympool.Following project approvalfrom the Board in April and con-struction approval in June,construc-tion is planned to begin this summerand conclude in September 2012.SAL3,a climate-controlled stor-age facility located in Livermore,will double its storage capacity from3 million volumes to 6 million vol-umes under this new plan.The proj-ect will cost $14.8 million.SAL3stores library materials for the Uni-versity library system and servesboth the main campus and HopkinsMarine Station Library.Construction is expected to beginin fall 2011 and finish in the fall of 2012,pending the project’s designapproval in April and its combinedproject and construction approval inJune.
— Ivy Nguyen
Scholars receiveSloan Fellowships
By THE DAILY NEWS STAFF
The Alfred P.Sloan Foundationchose six Stanford scientists andscholars for its Research Fellow-ships.Manuel Amador,Sean Hart-noll,Seema Jayachandran,Fei-FeiLi,Michael Ostrovsky and NancyRuonan Zhang are among the 118Sloan awardees.They each ob-tained $50,000 in unrestricted re-search grants,which will be usedover the next two years.Among the recipients are threeStanford economists.Amador is anassistant professor of economicsand specializes in macroeconomicsand international economics.Jay-achandran,assistant professor of economics,focuses developmenteconomics.Ostrovsky,B.A.S.‘99 isan associate professor of economicsat the Graduate School of Business.Fei-Fei Li,assistant professor of computer science,runs the Stan-ford Vision Lab.Zhang,B.S.‘01,M.S.‘01,Ph.D ‘05 is assistant pro-fessor of statistics who studies ge-nomic variation using high-densitySNP chips and sequencing experi-ments.Hartnoll,assistant professorof physics,researches general rela-tivity,string theory,field theory andcondensed matter theory.The Sloan Research Fellow-ships were created in 1955 to sup-port the research efforts of promis-ing academics.According to theSloan Foundation website,Fellowsare “at an early stage of their re-search careers”and boast “inde-pendent research accomplish-ments.”
— An Le Nguyen
In “Stanford alumnus winsGrammy,”The Daily incorrectlystated that Christopher Tin wasnominated for a second Grammyfor Best Classical CrossoverAlbum.In fact,he won the award.
IANGARCIA-DOTY/The Stanford Daily
Art history professor Kristine Samuelson watches as one of her clips is shownat the Clayman Institute. Samuelson showed clips from two of her earlier works and a work in progress from her new film at her winter salon Tuesday.
job opportunities once they leave.”As students graduate,the finan-cial aid office offers them an in-per-son meeting to discuss loan pro-grams and repayment options andprovides an online counseling tool.“[We do] a lot of work to pre-vent students from going into de-fault,”Edwards said.“They havethe option of always coming back tous to talk about it.”Students who do default are typ-ically “having very difficult eco-nomic situations,”Cooper said.“They may not have finished theirdegree,”she added.“This doesn’thappen to very many students,but afew who drop out and want to doother things...get out of sync withthe student world and repayment.”Defaulting on loans makes it dif-ficult to qualify for credit in the fu-ture.On the flipside,if studentskeep up with their payments,theycan build a good credit history.“It’s the only loan you can getwhen you are 18-years-old andhave no credit history at all that willhappily give you $5,000,”sheadded.
Kurt Chirbas contributed to this re- port.Contact Tyler Brown at tbbrown@ stanford.edu.
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“We hoped,as the sophomoreclass presidents,to provide an op-portunity for students to initiatethat conversation,”he added.“Thathas been the impetus for iDeclareWeek and that’s what has been driv-ing us.”“It’s really just supposed to en-able sophomores with the resourcesthey need to make a good choice indeclaring a major,”said Jason Lu-patkin ‘13,a member of the classcabinet.Hegde said the number of soph-omores who have declared theirmajor has not declined this year.Butthe last five years saw a fairly highpercentage of sophomores finishingtheir second year without havingdeclared a major,he noted.“We would like for students toreally have opportunities to [de-clare] earlier,so they can begin gain-ing the depth that they need withintheir department,”he said.“Thathas been the focus of this Universi-ty,in trying to structure a means forstudents to really get after their de-partments early.”Last night’s dinner seated eightstudents and one faculty member atevery table,a move that aimed tofoster an open discussion on a widerange of topics not necessarily tiedto choosing or declaring a major.The 150 available spots were gone45 minutes after registrationopened.The personal stories of both thespeakers and the faculty membersat the tables appeared to resonatethe most with students.“We sought to bring in facultywho could connect with students ona personal level and faculty whowere very accomplished withintheir field,”Hedge said.“We reallywant to get to the individual behindthe face and the name.”Harry Elam,vice provost for un-dergraduate education,deliveredthe first address of the evening,building on the theme of turning ac-ademic passions into a major,ratherthan letting career prospects or out-side influences dictate the declara-tion process.“The task of declaring a major isone that should be approached...not so much in terms of what you’llbe doing down the line in your ca-reer...[but] what you’re interestedin,and what’s going to grab you andwhat’s going to excite you in whatyou’re doing now at Stanford,”hesaid.Elam went on to relate his ownundergraduate experience at Har-vard,saying he chose his major insocial studies for the “wrong rea-sons.”He explained he had original-ly been determined to go to lawschool,but discovered a passion fordrama during his senior year andwent on to get a doctoral degree indrama.Rice’s keynote address touchedon similar ideas,eschewing careerprospects or parents’ desires infavor of finding and following one’strue academic calling.She also dis-cussed the importance of interac-tion between the students and facul-ty,and encouraged students to seekout faculty members in pursuit of their academic goals.“I hope that,in this four years,you will worry less about what jobyou are going to get when you getout of here...and that you willtake these four years to make surethat you have found your passion,”she said.“Because once you havefound your passion,nothing is everthe same.”Rice detailed how she enteredcollege as a concert pianist,abrupt-ly changing her academic focus inher junior year.She told the atten-dees how she went through a num-ber of classes before taking a classtaught by an expert on the SovietUnion.Inspired by that experience,she went on to major in interna-tional relations with a focus on So-viet affairs.“For those of you that have al-ready declared majors,that’s terrific—maybe that means you havefound a passion,”she said.“In anycase,I hope you keep looking,be-cause sometimes,your passion findsyou,rather than the other wayaround.”
Contact Kabir Sawnhey at email@example.com.
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