Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
MACEDONIA, 4000 YEARS OF ALBANIAN CONTINUANCE

MACEDONIA, 4000 YEARS OF ALBANIAN CONTINUANCE

Ratings: (0)|Views: 34|Likes:
Published by pellazgus

More info:

Published by: pellazgus on Feb 16, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/16/2011

pdf

text

original

 
Written by: ALBPelasgianTranslated by: qiellikalter © ARBERIAONLINE – All rights reserved
Η 
 
ΙΛΛΥΡΙΚΗ 
 
ΚΑΤΑΓΩΓΗ 
 
ΤΩΝ
 
ΑΡΧΑΙΩΝ
 
ΜΑΚΕ∆ΟΝΩΝ
 
 
MACEDONIA – 4000 YEARS OF ALBANIAN CONTINUANCE
The writings of ancient Greek and Roman authors confirm implicitly the Illyrian identity of Ancient Macedonians: Pliny the Elder [IV, X, 33], Strabo [7, 7, 1; 7.7.8;7, 11], Ptolemy [3, 12]. Based on this clear information, a large number of historians and linguists of the XIX-th and XX-th century uphold a hypothesis on Illyrianidentity of Macedonians. We can mention here:
Karl Otfrid Muller, William Smith, Charl Anthony, G. Finlay 
etc. Later on, other well known linguiststhat do support the thesis of an Illyrian essence in the Ancient Macedonians language are:
G. Kazaroff, M. Rostovtzeff, M. Budimir, H. Baric 
(MiltiadesHatzopoulos: 1999).Even the greatest supporters of the hypothesis that the Macedonians were Greeks, do accept a strong influence of the Illyrian language into the AncientMacedonian language. Paliga states: “
It is therefore difficult to say whether the ancient Macedonians spoke an idiom closer to Thracian,Illyrian, Greek or a specific idiom 
.” ( Paglia cited in Fol 2002 : 219)Hammond (1989) accepts that when: “
the Macedonians expanded, they overlaid and lived with peoples who spoke Illyrian, Paeonian,Thracian and Phrygian, and they certainly borrowed words from them which excited the authors of lexica and glossaries 
”. (Hammond1989:13)To be fair, the debate on the characteristics of the Macedonian language is still unfinished, because there are:
‘theories varying from a basically Illyrian “creole” to a Greek-thracian-illyrian ‘pidgin 
’. (Anastasios-Phoivos Christid
ē
s 2007)
 
MACEDONIA – 4000 YEARS OF ALBANIAN CONTINUANCE
Archaeological data show an undisputable Illyrian presence in the Ancient Macedonia.
Archaeological findings in
Vergina 
(
Aigai 
an Illyrian foundation, i.e capital of Ancient Macedonia)
show similarity as well as uniformity to the Glasinac Culture, which is a typical Illyrian culture 
. This is what Hammond (1976) says regarding this point:
The period of Illyrian control in the plain of Macedonia lasted from c. 800 to c. 650 B.C. The evidence has survived almost entirely in warrior-graves and women’s graves which were much less numerous. There were cremations sometimes in urns, as well as inhumations, large pithoi were used as coffins, e.g. at Vergina; and burials were grouped together, sometimes under a tumulus and sometimes not. New articles were bronze pendants of various kinds, bronze belt-plates, large bronze spectacle-fibulae, armlets of thin bronze wire and armlets of heavy bronze metal with incised decoration, and many bronze beads of various shapes. At Vergina,where the same cemetery was used for Illyrian chieftains, two new forms of bowl were evidently copied from wooden prototypes,such as are made by the Vlachs in modern times. New tumuli constructed for Illyrian chieftains contained many spearheads and spear-butts, sickle-shaped knives and heavy bracelets. The homeland of these new elements was in central Yugoslavia, and the typical site there was Glasinac, where the tumuli were numbered in thousands.In the cemetery at Vergina the period of greatest prosperity, c. 900-800 B.C., was followed by radical changes and a growing impoverishment. In some tumuli the partly cremated remains were placed in urns, and sickle shaped knives with whetstones and spears over two metres in length with iron head and iron butt accompanied some of the warriors. In Upper Macedonia the presence of lllyrian rulers was shown by burials with similar weapons and ornaments at Visoi and Petilep in Pelagoma; at Pateli in Eordaea,and at Vucedol near Skopje and by Titov Veles. Objects typical of them have been found in small numbers at Kozani and at sites in the middle Haliacmon valley. To the east of the Vardar they seem to have driven the Paeonians back towards the Strymon valley,and there are concentrations of Illyrian objects at Kumanovo and at Radanja near Stip. Large numbers of tumuli are reported in this area; some at least were made probably for Illyrian warriors. Other groups of Illyrians established themselves in the middle Strymon valley, where their name in Classical times was the Maedi; in the Kumli valley between Doiran and Serres; and in the 
q
 

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->