Hurricane West Stake Adult Religion ClassNew Testament: John 4:43–12:50Week 16, Page 2
i)This is another well-known story from John, with the interesting addition of a pool with supposedly miraculous powers of healing.ii)5:3b–4. This passage is not in the earliest Greek manuscripts, and doesn’t matchJohn’s vocabulary and syntax.
It’s certainly a later addition, probably added by scribes who were attempting to explain the mysterious comment in verse 7a. ModernBibles either bracket this passage or move it to the footnotes.iii)5:8. KJV “bed” refers to a cot or mat, not a modern “bed” that includes a mattress, box spring, headboard, etc. b)5:16–47. Jesus’ teaching on his relationship with the Father.i)5:16. After the paralyzed man at Bethesda has been healed, the Jewish authorities
begin persecuting Jesus for healing (working) on the Sabbath.ii)5:17–18. Jesus’ response is to claim that this kind of work is divinely sanctioned: “My Father is still working, and I also am working.” This enflames the Jewish leaders,“because he was not only breaking the Sabbath, but was also calling God his ownfather, thereby making himself equal to God” (NRSV).iii)5:19–30. Jesus explains the relationship between himself and the Father.(1)5:19–20. Jesus begins by emphasizing the unity of the Father and the Son. Theaction verbs in these verses are in the present tense, indicating that the work theFather is now carrying out is also the same work Jesus is carrying out:
KJV John 5:19–20NRSV John 5:19–20
Then answered Jesus and said untothem, Verily, verily, I say unto you, TheSon can do nothing of himself, but whathe seeth the Father do: for what thingssoever he doeth, these also doeth the Sonlikewise.
Jesus said to them, “Very truly, I tellyou, the Son can do nothing on his own,but only what he sees the Father doing;for whatever the Father
does, the Sondoes likewise.
For the Father loveth the Son, andsheweth him all things that himself doeth: and he will shew him greaterworks than these, that ye may marvel.
The Father loves the Son and shows himall that he himself is doing; and he willshow him greater works than these, sothat you will be astonished.”
(2)5:21. What work is the Father carrying out? The Father raises up the dead andmakes them alive (KJV “quickeneth”), and so therefore also does the Son makealive (heal) those whom he chooses.(3)5:22–24. Furthermore, the Father has given the power of divine judgment intothe hands of his Son, and so anyone who wishes to honor the Father must honorthe Son.(4)5:25–30. Just as the Father has life in himself, so has he granted the Son to havelife in himself, and so the Son will resurrect all mankind—the just to aresurrection of life, and the unjust to a resurrection of condemnation.
In several of the earliest manuscripts that
include this passage, it is marked by the scribes as spurious.
As we discussed last week, John uses the general term “Jews” to refer, not to the common people, but to the leadership of the Temple that opposed Jesus. Clearly
of Jesus’ disciples and followers were Jews, and yet they didn’t oppose Jesus.
Based on the KJV usage, Joseph Smith understood “what he seeth the Father do” in the past tense, and this became oneof his key prooftexts in his teaching at Nauvoo that God the Father once had a physical body that he himself laid down as asacrifice in a prior eon. See
Teachings of the Prophet Joseph Smith
312, 346 fn., 347.
The original Greek reads “that one” here. The King James translators rendered this “he,” while many moderntranslations (including the NRSV, NET, and NIV) clarify who is being referred to here, “the Father.”
© 2011, Mike Parkerhttp://bit.ly/ldsarcFor personal use only. Not a Church publication.