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Ergonomics

Ergonomics

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group assignment
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Published by: Michael Cancejo Pagaduan on Aug 20, 2008
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03/10/2011

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ErgonomicsErgonomics is a multi disciplinary science that applies principles based on the physicaland psychological capabilities of people to the design or modification of jobs, equipment, products, and workplaces.The goals of ergonomics are to decrease risk of injuries and illnesses (especially thoserelated to the musculoskeletal system), to improve worker performance, to decreaseworker discomfort and to improve the quality of work lifeThe benefits of well-designed jobs, equipment, products, work methods and workplacesinclude: enhanced safety and health performance; reductions in cases of musculoskeletaldisorders; improved quality and productivity; reductions in errors; heightened employeemorale; reduced compensation and operating costs; and accommodation of diverse populations, including those with disabilities. Although ergonomics is an evolving field, proper application of its principles can achieve benefits that are significant andimmediate. 
 
 Ergonomic Tips for Computer Users. Employees who use a desktop computer, whether atwork or home, can improve their own personal ergonomics — and avoid injury — byincorporating a few basic principles. Go here to learn more about making computer usesafer and more comfortable..Fundamentals for the Flexible Workplace Variability and compatibility with desk components, that flex from individual work activities to team settings. Workstations provide supportive ergonomics for task-intensive environments.
 
 Good keying/mousing technique can reduce stresses on the wrists, arms and elbows. Itcan also minimize static loads on the shoulders to ensure good blood flow to theextremities.
Float your hands and arms while keying or pivot the mid-forearms on armrest or work surface
Avoid planting your palms/wrists or bearing weight on elbows while keying andmousing
Keep your wrists straight…minimize bending the wrists up/down or inward/outward
Keep an open elbow angle at 120 degrees or more…avoid tighter than 90 degrees
Take 5 minute breaks from your computer at least once per hour…stretch or walk 
OKAY!
Float the hands witharms at sides andkeyboard set lowover your lap
OKAY!
Pivot the forearmson chair armrestand float the hands
OKAY!
Pivot the forearms onthe desktop or on aforearm board andfloat the handsAVOID! Plantingthe wrists whilekeying

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