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Should Chicago Have An Elected Representative School Board?

Should Chicago Have An Elected Representative School Board?

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Published by: ramsincanon on Feb 17, 2011
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11/15/2011

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Should Chicago Have an Elected Representative School Board?A Look at the Evidence
Pauline LipmanEric (Rico) GutsteinUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoCollaborative for Equity and Justice in Education1040 W. Harrison St., M/C 147Chicago IL 60607plipman@uic.edugutstein@uic.eduFEBRUARY 2011
 
 
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HOULD
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HICAGO
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AVE AN
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LECTED
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EPRESENTATIVE
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CHOOL
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OARD
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ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
We would like to thank the following people who contributed to this report:Phillip Cantor, Lynette Danley, Aisha El-Amin, Sandra Gutstein, Rhoda RaeGutierrez, Sarah Hainds, Stephanie Hicks, Pavlyn Jankov, Chris Sabino,Rachel Serra, Danielle Akua Smith, and Kelly Vaughn. We would also like tothank Christine Olson for help with the production of this report.
 
 
S
HOULD
C
HICAGO
H
AVE AN
E
LECTED
R
EPRESENTATIVE
S
CHOOL
B
OARD
ii
 
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Executive Summary ................................................................................. 1Introduction ............................................................................................. 5Methodology............................................................................................. 6Brief History of School Boards .................................................................. 7Mayoral Control of Schools ....................................................................... 9 Justifications for Mayoral Control ................................................... 9Effectiveness of Mayoral Control and Mayor-Appointed Boards:What Do We Know? ................................................................... 10Chicago: Assessment of the Mayor-Appointed School Board ...................... 11High-Stakes Top-down Accountability ............................................. 11Academic Achievement as Measured by the NAEP ........................... 13Graduation and Dropout Rates ....................................................... 18Renaissance 2010 ........................................................................... 19 Teacher Turnover and Loss of Teaching Staff ................................. 22Expansion of Charter Schools ......................................................... 24Chicago High School Redesign Initiative .......................................... 26Public Accountability and Community Participation ................................. 27Elected School Boards .............................................................................. 28Steps to Strengthen Democratic Participation andPublic Accountability ................................................................ 29Can an Elected School Board Make a Difference? ............................ 30Milwaukee Public Schools ............................................................... 30 Tucson Unified School District ........................................................ 31San Francisco Unified School District ............................................. 32San Diego Unified School District ................................................... 33Conclusion ............................................................................................... 35Recommendations .................................................................................... 37References .............................................................................................. 38Appendix A: A Sample of Elected School Boards in Large U.S. Cities ........ 45Appendix B: Biographies of CPS Board of Education Members ................. 47Endnotes ................................................................................................. 48

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