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BBWO-CESA-petition

BBWO-CESA-petition

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Published by: srust2792 on Feb 17, 2011
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07/12/2013

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PETITION TO THE STATE OF CALIFORNIAFISH AND GAME COMMISSIONTO LIST THE BLACK-BACKED WOODPECKER (
PICOIDES ARCTICUS 
) AS THREATENED OR ENDANGERED UNDER THE CALIFORNIA ENDANGEREDSPECIES ACT
The Black-backed Woodpecker (
 Picoides arcticus
)Photo by Doug Bevington
 
 2
Notice of Petition
The John Muir Project of Earth Island Institute and the Center for BiologicalDiversity submit this petition to the California Fish and Game Commission to list the black-backed woodpecker (
Picoides arcticus
) as “endangered”, or alternatively,“threatened,” in California, under the California Endangered Species Act (California Fishand Game Code §§ 2050
et seq.
, “CESA”). This petition demonstrates that the black- backed woodpecker clearly warrants listing under CESA based on the factors specified inthe statute. We look forward to the Commission’s response to this petition and  processing of it pursuant to the procedures and timelines established at California Fishand Game Code §§ 2073
et seq.
 
Petitioners
Chad Hanson, Ph.D.John Muir Project of Earth Island InstituteP.O. Box 697Cedar Ridge, CA 95924(530) 273-9290Brendan CummingsCenter for Biological DiversityPO Box 549Joshua Tree, CA 92252(760) 366-2232
 
 3
TABLE OF CONTENTS
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY................................................................................................5THE CESA LISTING PROCESS AND STANDARDS FOR THE ACCEPTANCE OF APETITION...........................................................................................................................8LIFE HISTORY OF THE BLACK-BACKED WOODPECKER....................................10I. DESCRIPTION.................................................................................................10II. TAXONOMY...................................................................................................12III. REPRODUCTION............................................................................................13IV. DIET
 
AND
 
FEEDING......................................................................................15V. MIGRATION....................................................................................................16RANGE AND DISTRIBUTION......................................................................................17I. RANGE-WIDE
 
DISTRIBUTION....................................................................17II. CALIFORNIA
 
DISTRIBUTION......................................................................18HABITAT REQUIREMENTS.........................................................................................20I. NESTING
 
HABITAT.......................................................................................21II. FORAGING
 
HABITAT....................................................................................24III. HOME-RANGE
 
SIZE......................................................................................27ABUNDANCE AND POPULATION TREND...............................................................29FACTORS AFFECTING ABILITY OF THE POPULATION TO SURVIVE ANDREPRODUCE...................................................................................................................42I. PREDATION....................................................................................................42II. COMPETITION
 
AND
 
DISEASE.....................................................................42III. EPHEMERAL
 
 NATURE
 
OF
 
HABITAT.........................................................42 NATURE, DEGREE, AND IMMEDIACY OF THREATS............................................46I. POST-FIRE
 
SALVAGE
 
LOGGING................................................................46II. FIRE
 
SUPPRESSION.......................................................................................49III. THINNING:
 
PRE-SUPPRESSION..................................................................53IV. PAST
 
LOSS
 
OF
 
OLD
 
FOREST
 
DUE
 
TO
 
LOGGING.....................................54V. CLIMATE
 
CHANGE.......................................................................................57IMPACT OF EXISTING MANAGEMENT....................................................................59I. SIERRA
 
 NEVADA
 
FOREST
 
PLAN
 
AMENDMENT:
 
 NATIONAL
 
FOREST
 
LANDS.............................................................................................................59II. CALIFORNIA
 
FOREST
 
PRACTICES
 
RULES:
 
PRIVATE
 
LANDS..............62III.
 
POST-FIRE
 
SALVAGE
 
(PUBLIC
 
AND
 
PRIVATE
 
LANDS)
 
LOGGING
 
OVER 
 
THE
 
PAST
 
SEVEN
 
YEARS.................................................................64SUGGESTIONS FOR FUTURE MANAGEMENT........................................................70CONCLUSIONS...............................................................................................................71AVAILABILITY AND SOURCES OF INFORMATION..............................................72

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