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Postal Reorganization Act 1970

Postal Reorganization Act 1970

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Published by Kevin R. Kosar
This is a copy of the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 as enacted by Congress. This came from the U.S. Statutes at Large. The law since has been amended.
This is a copy of the Postal Reorganization Act of 1970 as enacted by Congress. This came from the U.S. Statutes at Large. The law since has been amended.

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Published by: Kevin R. Kosar on Feb 17, 2011
Copyright:Public Domain

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04/19/2013

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84
STAT.
PUBLIC LAW 91-375-AUG. 12, 1970 719
Public
Law
91-375
AY
ACT
August
12. 1970
'Ih
itnprore and moderuiw
the
postal
srrric-e, to reorganize the Yost
Office
[H.
R.
170701
Tbpartliieiit. and for other purposes.
He
it enackd
by
the
~Semte
~ind
Home of Representrrtiues
of
theC'rtited &tote.$ of America in ('ongre.~.~xsem.b7ed.
That this -let may
ni!:ztd3,
zyga-
he cited as the "Postal Reorganization Act".
FNITED
STATES
POSTAL
SFXWICF.
SEC.
.
Title
39,
Gnited States Code, is revised and reenacted, and
74
Stat- 78.
the sections thereof may be cited as
"39
1J.S.C.
5
"
as follows:
"TITLE
39-POSTAL
SERVICE
''1.
GEXBRAL
-----------------------------------
101"11. PERSONNETI
........................................
-
1001"111. MODERNIZATION AND FISCAL ADMINESTRATION--------- 2001
"IV.
MAIL MATTER----------------__-_---------- 3001
"V.
TRANSPORTATIOX
OF
MAIL
...................................
5001
"PART I-GENERAL
"CHAPTER
See.
"1.
POSTAL'-POLICY
KD
DEFINITIONS
............................
101
...)
ORGANI~AT~ON
.......................................
201
"4.
GENERALAUTHORITY-------------------:---------- 401
..
.
h.
PRIVATE
ARRIAGE
F
LETTEIIS--------------------------------
601
"Chapter
1.-POSTAL POLICY AND DEFINITIONS
"Sec.
"101. Postal policy."102. Definitions.
101.
Postal policy
.'(a) The United States Postal Service shall be operated as a basicand fundamental service provided to the pwple by the Government
of
the United States, authorized by the Constitution, created by ,4ct
of
Congress, and supported by the pwple. The Postal Service shallhave as its basic function the obligation to provide postal services tobind the Nation together through the personal, educational, literary,and business correspondence of the people. It shall provide prompt,reliable, and efficient services to patrons in all areas and shall renderl~ostal ervices to all communities. The costs of establishing and main-taining the Postal Service shall not be apportioned to impair the over-a11 value of such service to the people."(b) The Postal Service shall provide a maximum degree of effec-tive and regular postal services to rural areas, communities, and smalltowns where post offices are not self-sustaining. No small post officeshall be closed solely for operating at a deficit, it being the specificintent of the Congress that effective postal services be insured toresidents of both urban and rural communities."(c) ,4s an employer, the Postal Service shall achieve and main-tain compensation for its officers and employees comparable to therites and types of compensation paid in the private sector of theeconomy of the United States. It shall place particular emphasis uponopportunities for career advancements of all officers and employeesand the achievement of worthwhile and satisfying careers in theservice of the United States.bb(d)Postal rates shall be established to apportion the costs of allpostal operations
to
all users of the mail on
a
fair and equitable basis.
 
PUBLIC
LAW
91-375-AUG.
12,
1970
[84
STAT.
bb(e)
n
deternlining all policies for postal services, the PostalService shall give the highest consideration to the requirement forthe most expeditious collection, transportation, and delivery of im-portant letter mail.
('(f)
In selecting modes of transportation, the Postal Service shallgive hi hest consideration to the prompt and economical delivery
qf
all mai
f
and shall make a fair and equitable distribution of mail busi-ness to carriers providing similar modes of transpoytation services tothe Postal Service. Modern methods of transporting mail by con-tainerization and programs designed to achieve overnight transporta-tion to the destination of important letter mail to all parts of theNation shall be a primary goal of postal operdons.
"
g)
In planning and building new postal facilities, the PostalServlce shall em hasize the need for
facilities
and equipment de-signed
to
create &sirable working conditions for its officers and em-ployees, a maximum degree of convenience for efficient postal services,proper access to existing and future air and surface transportation
fa-
cilities, and control of costs to the Postal Service.
"g
102.
Definitions
"As used in this title-
"(1)
'Postal Service' nieuns the I:nited Sti~tes ostill Serviceestablished by section
201
of
this title;
"(2)
'Hoard of (iovernors', and bHoard', unless the contextotherwise requires, mean the Ho*ard
of
(fo~enlors stttblisheclunder section
202
of this title
;
and
"(3)
'Governors' means the
9
members
of
the Rod
of
Gov-ernors appointed by the President. by and with the advice andconsent
of
the Senate, ~~nderection
302(a)
of
this title.
"Chapter
2.-ORGANIZATION
Knited States Postal Service.
Board
of Governors.Postmaster General
;
Deputy
Postmaster General.Assistant Postmasters General
;
General
('omisel
:
.Indicia1
4
)@c.rr.Procedures of the Board
of
Governors.Advisory Council.Seal.Reservation
of
powers.
"5
201.
United
States
Postal
Service
"There is established, as'an independent establishment
of
the ex-ecutive branch of the Government of the lTnited States, tlie UnitedStates Postal Service.
"8
202.
Board
of
Governors
"(a) The exercise of the power of the Postal Service shall
be
directed by a Board of Governors composed of
11
members appointedin accordance with this section. Kine of tlie members, to
be
knownas Governors, shall be appointed by the President,
by
and with theadvice and consent of the Senate, not more than
5
of whom maybe adherents of the same political party. The Governors shall elect
a
('hairman from among the members of the Board. The Governorssllallbechosen to represent the public Interest generally, and shallnot
be
representatives of specific interests using the Postal Service,:md may be removed only for cause. Each Governor shall receive asalary
of
$10,000
a year plus
$300
a day for not more than
80
daysof meetings each year and shall be reimbursed for travel and rea-sonable expenses incurred in attending meetings of the Board. Noth-ing in the preceding sentence shall be construed to limit the num-ber of days of meetings each year to
30
days.
 
84
STAT.
PUBLIC
LAW 91-375-AUG. 12, 1970
721
..(b) The terms of the
9
Governors shall be
9
years, except that the
Term
terms of the
9
Governors first taking office shall expire as designated bythe President
art
the time of appointment,
1
nt the end of
1
year,
1
atthe end of
2
years,
1
at the end of
3
years,
1
at the end of
4
years,
1
at theend of
5
years,
1
at the end of
8
years,
1
at the end of
7
years,
1
at theend of
8
years, and
1
at
the end of
9
years, following the appointmentof the first of them. Any Governor appointed
to
fill a vacancy beforethe expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointedshall serve for the remainder of such term.LL(~)he Governors shall appoint and shall have the power to
Ge:z::y;i;;int-
remove the Postmaster General, who shall
be
a voting member of the
,,,t, .tc.
Roard. His pay and term of service shall be fixed by the Governors.'*(d) The (rovernors and the Postmaster General shall appoint:ind shall have the power to'remove the Deputy Postmaster General,who shall
be
a voting member of the Board. His term of service sl~allbe fixed by the Governors and the Postmaster General and his pay bythe Governors.
"8
203. Postmaster General; Deputy Postmaster General
bLThehief executive officer of the Postal Service is the PostmasterGeneral appointed under section
202(c)
of this title. The alternatechief executive officer of the Postal Service is the Deputy PostmasterGeneral appointed under section
20.2
(d) of this title.
''S
204. Assistant Postmasters General
;
General Counsel
;
udicialOfficer
L'Tl~erehall
be
within the Postal Service a General Counsel, suchnumber of Assistant Postmasters General as the Board shall considerappropriate, and a Judicial Officer. The General Counsel, the Assist-:mt Postmasters General, and the Judicial Officer shall
be
appointed
by
and serve at the pleasure of, the Postmaster General. The JudicialOdcer shall perform such quasi-judicial duties, not inconsistent withchapter.
36
of this title, as the Postmaster General may designate. The
Post,
.
758.
.Judicial Officer shall be the agency for khe purposes of the require-ments of chapter
5
of title
5,
to
the extent that functions are delegated
s
;;t;:at;$O:
to him by the Postmaster General.
83
Stat.
446.
"8
205. Procedures of the Board of Governors
5
usc
500.
"(a) The Hoard shall direct and control the expeiiditnres
:1nd
re-
rev'ew.
view the practices and policies of the Postal Service, and perforn~other functions and duties prescribed by thistitle.
"(b)
Vacancies in the Board, as long
as
there are s~~fficientembersto form a quorum, shall not impair the powers of the Roard ~lnderthis title.LL(p) he Roard shdl act upon majority vote of those members
,$~~~eyx~"~;
ivh are present, and any
6
members present shall constitute
a
quorum
tions.
for the transaction of business by the Roard, except-
"(1)
that in the appointment or removal of the Postmaster Gen-ed, and in setting the compensation of the Postmaster Generaland 1)epiity Postmaster General, a favorable vote of :m absolutemajority of the Governors in office shall be required
;
"(2)
that in the appointment or removal of the Deputy Post-inaster General, a favorable rote of an absolute majority of theGovernors
in
office and the member serving as Postmaster Gen-eral shall be required
;
nd
"
3)
as otherwise provided in this title."(d) No oflicar or employee of the T7nited States may serve concur-rently as
n
Gc~vernor.
-1
Governor may hold any other office or employ-ment not inconsistent or in conflict with his duties, responsibilities,:~nd owers
as
an
officer of the Government of the T'nited States inthe Postal Service

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