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Syncom II Press Kit

Syncom II Press Kit

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 18, 2011
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02/18/2011

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37
,t
63
191376-s/;
N
EWS
R
ELEASE
NATIONAL
AERONAUTICS
AND
SPACE
ADMINISTRATION
400
MARYLAND
AVENUE,
SW,
WASHINGTON
25,
D.C.
TELEPHONES.
WORTH
2-4155-WORTH
3.6925
FORRELEASE:
Friday
July
19,
1963
RELEASE
NO:
63-152
SECOND
SYNCOM
SCHEDULEDFOR
LAUNCH
The
NationalAeronautics
andSpace
Administration
will
attempt
to
launch
anotherSyncom
activerepeatercommunicationssatellite
into
nearsynchronousorbit
no
earlier
than
July
23
from
CapeCanaveral.
If
successful
it
willbe thefirst
satellite
to
operate
in
the
24-hour
orbit
22,300miles
abovethe
earth.
-more-
 
-2-
Syncom
I,
launched
February
14,
1963,
achieved
a
nearsynchronousorbitaccording
to
visualobservations.
However,
radio
contact
w.ith
the
spacecraft
has
not
beenpossible
sinc-
L.ne
apogee
motor
was
fired
to
insert
it
into
circular
trbit
at
synchronous
altitude.
Syncom
will
be
boosted
to
the
orbitalaltitude
by
a
Deltalaunch
vehicle.
Should
this
launch
be
successful
its
v.ill
bethe
19thstraight
success
for
the
Delta.
Upon
:.eaching
apogee
the
satellite
willbe
injected
into
the
synchronous
orbitby
a
solidrocket
motor
attached
to
the
pDaeecraft.
Ones
in
the
synchronous
orbit
and
at
the
desired
location
Syncom
will
stay
at
approximately
the
samve
longitude
over
the
AtlanticOceanwhile
moving
in
latitude
in
an
elongatedfigure
8
pattern
approximtately
30
degrees
north
and
couth
of
theequator.
The
Government
of the
Federation
of
Nigeria
is
making
an
Important
contrir)utionto
the
project
by
permittingthe
stationing
of'
the
USNS
Kingsport
in
Lagos
Harbor
and
making
other
facilities
available.
Communications
tests
will
be
conductedbetween
a
transpo'table
groundstation
at
Lakehurst,
N.J.,and
a
stationaboard
the
Kingsport.
The
satellite
will
be
capable
of
transmitting
one
two-way
telephot..o
calls
teletypemessages
or
photo
facsimile.The
number
of
teletype
messages
will
depend
on
she
type
of
equipmentemployed
by
the
ground
stations.
-more-
 
-3-
Oblectives
of_2.com
1.
Developcapability
of
launching satellites
into
the
24-hour
orbitusing
exf.sting
launchvehiclesplusadditionalsolid
fuel
"apogee-kick"
rockets.
2.
Fligit test
a
new approach
to
satelliteattitude
and
period
control.
3.
Provide
experience
in
using
communications
satel-
lites
in
a
24-hour
orbit.
Syncom,if
successful,
will
usher
in
a
new
approach
to
spacecraft
attitude
and
velocitycontrol.
It
will
be
the
firstspace
communications
link
to
Africa.
Syncom
is
a
NASA
project
supportedby
the
Department
of
Defense
which
is
providingground
stationsardwill conductcommunicationsexperiments
to
meetNASA requirements.NASAprovides
the
spacecraft,
the
Delta launch
vehicle,
telemetry
and
command
ground
stations.
NASA's
Goddard
Space
Flight
Center
manages
the
projectunder
the
overall
supervision
of
NASA Headquarters.LaunchTheDeltalaunchvehicle
will
boost
the
Syncom
to
an
al-
titude
of
about140miles
where
the
spacecraftwillenter
an
elliptical
orbit.
The
Delta
will
be
launched
in an
azimuth
direction
ofabout108
degreesfrom
Cape
Canaveral.
-more-

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