s science payload consists offour instruments -
Global Ultraviolet Imager (GUVI)
isa collaborative effort between The JohnsHopkins University Applied Physics Labo-ratory (APL) and The Aerospace Corp. ofEl Segundo, Calif. GUVI observes theglow of the MLTI region in UV light, provid-ing scientists with its chemical composi-tion and temperature range. It also mea-sures the energy input by solar UV lightand the aurora. Although invisible to thehuman eye, UV light is detectable usingspecial instruments like GUVI. The spec-trograph in GUVI breaks UV light into itscomponent
much like a prismseparates white light into a rainbow.When the MLTI is energized by solar UVlight or the aurora atoms and moleculesthat comprise the MLTI glow in specificUV colors, allowing scientists to determineits composition and temperature.The principal investigator for GUVI is AndrewChristensen of The Aerospace Corp.
Thepayload operations center (POC) is located atAPL in Laurel, Md.
Solar Extreme UltravioletExperiment (SEE)
, built by the Universityof Colorado, Boulder, observes solar UVirradiance, the primary energy depositedinto the MLTI region. SEE determineshow much this energy varies and how itaffects the atmosphere and changes itscomposition, and will establish an index ofsolar variability so scientists canunderstand the solar UV changes in theMLTI even after the mission ends.The principal investigator for SEE is ThomasWoods of the University of Colorado, Boulder,where the POC also is located.
TIMED Doppler Interferometer(TIDI)
, built by the University of Michigan,Ann Arbor,
measures winds and tempera-ture of the MLTI region. It determineswind speed and direction by examiningtiny changes in the color of light emittedfrom chemical constituents in the atmo-sphere. Similar to how the change in pitchfrom a passing ambulance
s siren helps todetermine its speed, particles blown bythe wind have the color of their emittedlight changed slightly, allowing scientiststo determine their speed and direction.The principal investigator for TIDI is TimothyKilleen of the National Center for Atmo-spheric Research in Boulder, Colo. The POCis located at the University of Michigan, AnnArbor.
Sounding of the Atmosphere usingBroadband Emission Radiometry(SABER)
is a multichannel infrared radi-ometer that measures a wide range ofinfrared light emitted by the atmosphere atdifferent altitudes. SABER explores theMLTI to determine its energy balance,atmospheric structure, chemistry anddynamics between atmospheric regions.SABER is a collaborative effort betweenHampton University (Va.), which leads thescience team; NASA Langley ResearchCenter, which has overall project manage-ment and mission implementation respon-sibility; Utah State University (Logan),which built the instrument; and GATS, Inc.(Newport News, Va), which developed thesoftware and manages the data.The principal investigator for SABER isJames Russell III of Hampton University. ThePOC for SABER is located at NASA LangleyResearch Center.
The TIMED spacecraft is scheduled to launchaboard a Boeing Delta II rocket from theWestern
Test Range at Vandenberg Air ForceBase, Calif. TIMED will be inserted into a