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Solutions to Concepts of Physics by HC Verma Chapter 12

# Solutions to Concepts of Physics by HC Verma Chapter 12

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02/19/2013

.. 1 ..
12 Simple Harmonic Motion
1.
A particle executes simple harmonic motion with an amplitude of 10 cm and time period of 6 s. At time t = 0 it is at  position
= 5

going towards positive

direction. Write the equation for the displacement
at time t. Find the magnitude of the acceleration of the particle at time
=4
.
i) Given that amplitude A = 10 cm and time period T = 6sec.

ω
=
2
π
T
=
2
π
6
=
π
3
and
=5 cm when
= 0
5

= 10



(

+
)



= ½

=
/6
equation of displacement is
= 10cm

π
3
+
π
6
ii) When t = 4
=
10 cm

4
π
3
+
π
6
=(10

)

9
6
=(10

)

3
2
=
10




=
−
2
=
3
2
10
=
10
2
9
=10.96


11

/
2
2.
The position, velocity and acceleration of a particle executing simple harmonic motion are found to have magnitudes 2 cm, 1 ms
-1
and 10 ms
-2
at a certain instant. Find the amplitude and the time period of the motion.
We have
=



=2

=0.02

=



(

) = 1

1

=

2



(

)=
10

2

.. 2 ..
12 Simple Harmonic Motion

ω
2
=
=
100.02
= 500

ω
=

500=10

5


=
 
2
+
2
ω
2
=

0.0004 + 0.002= 0.049 m =4.9 cm

And T =
2
πω
=
2
π
10

5
= 0.628 s =0.28 cm3.
A particle executes simple harmonic motion with an amplitude of 10 cm. At what distance from the mean position are the kinetic and potential energies equal?
Given that amplitude A = 10 cmLet
be the distance from the mean position where kineticand potential energies are equal. Let K and U be the kineticand potential energies at this displacement.But
= ½

2
= ½

2

2
cos
2

and
= ½

2
= ½

2

2
sin
2


=

½

2

2
cos
2

=½

2

2
sin
2


cos
2

=sin
2



= ±
/4

= Asin
ω
=
10 cm

±
π
4
= ±
10

2
=± 5

2cm4.
The maximum speed and acceleration of a particle executing simple harmonic motion are 10 cm s
-1
and 50 cm s
-2
. Find the  position(s) of the particle when the speed is 8 cm
-1
.
Let

and

be the maximum speed and acceleration of theparticle and A its amplitude. Then

= ωA = 10 cm s
-1

=
2

= 50


2

.. 3 ..
12 Simple Harmonic Motion

=
=5
1
And

=

= 10/5 = 2

Again
=





= (10


1
)



= 8


1




= 8/10 = 4/5

=





= ±



(1
cos
2

)= ± A

1
1625
= ±
3A5
= ±
65
=± 1.2 cm5.
A particle having mass 10 g oscillates according to the equation
=
2.0

{(100
1
)
+
/6}
. Find (a) the amplitude, the time period and the spring constant (b) the  position, the velocity and the acceleration at t = 0.
(a) Clearly (from the equation) the amplitude A =2.0 cm Angular frequency
= 100


1

=
2
= 2
/100 =0.0628
Also
=

2
=
101000
1002 = 100

1
(b) At time t = 0 we have
=
2.0

6
=
2.0

2
=1.0


=
100


1

2.0

6
= 100

3/2 = 173

=1.73

1

-1
)
2
 2.0 cm sin π/6
-1
)
2
(2/100 m) /2 =100 ms
-2
6.
The equation of motion of a particle started at
= 0
is given by
= 5

20
+
3
, where

is in centimeter and t in second. When does the particle (a) first come to rest (b)first have zero acceleration (c) first have maximum speed?
(a) Putting
= 0 gives

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