Copyright law is exclusively federal law; there are no state copyright laws. Only tangiblewritings can be copyrighted. These include books, newspapers, addresses, musicalcompositions, motion pictures, works of art, architectural plans, greeting cards, photographs, sound recordings, computer programs, and mask works fixed insemiconductor chips.
Copyright Revision Act Copyright Laws
Judicial Improvement ActSemiconductor Chip Protection ActComputer Software Copyright ActCopyright Term Extension Act
Requirements for Copyright
The writing must be the original work of the author.
Copyright registration is permissive and voluntary. Published and unpublished worksmay be registered with the United States Copyright Office in Washington, D.C.Registration itself does not create the copyright.
Copyrights are for the following terms:1.
Life of the author plus 70 years2.
Either (1) 120 years from the date of creation, or (2) 95 yearsfrom the date of publication, whichever is shorter.
The copyright holder may recover damages and other remedies against a person whocopies a substantial and material part of a copyrighted work without the holder’s permission.
The fair-use doctrine permits use of copyrighted material without the consent of thecopyright holder for limited uses (e.g., scholarly work, parody or satire, and brief quotation in news reports).
Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA)
The federal DMCA, enacted in 1998, provides civil and criminal penalties that1.prohibit the manufacture and distribution of technologies, products, or services primarily designed for the purpose of circumventing wrappers or encryption protection.