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The mints of Roman Arabia and Mesopotamia / by G.F. Hill

The mints of Roman Arabia and Mesopotamia / by G.F. Hill

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Digital Library Numis (DLN)

sites.google.com/site/digitallibrarynumis
Digital Library Numis (DLN)

sites.google.com/site/digitallibrarynumis

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Published by: Digital Library Numis (DLN) on Feb 19, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/14/2015

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COINSOFRONMPOTAMIA.
 
THE MINTSOFROMANARABIAANDMESOPOTAMIA.
By G. F.HILL.
(PlatesXI,XII)I.THEMINTSOF ARABIA.
Theplaceswhosenumismatichistoryisstudiedin thispaperare those whichhappenedtobecomprisedntheprovincesofArabiaandMesopotamiaromthetimeof the institutionof theseprovincesdowntotheendoftheperiodof the Greekcoinage.Thus,asregardsArabia,Iwhichwasorganisedn
A.D.
io6,themintsof Philadelphia,Gerasa,Dium andPhilippopolisareincluded,althoughtheywereoriginallyintheDecapolis,2andwere only transferredtoArabiain thereignof Severusattheearliest.ButCanatha,whichwastransferredatthesametime,hadthen ceasedtoissuecoins
3;
itisthereforeomittedfrom thesepages.Eboda,ofwhich a solitarycoin of Nero'stimeisknown,mighthavebeenomittedon thesamegrounds,but isincludedbecauseitscoinagedoes notfind aplacein theseries ofanyotherprovince.The latestGreekcoinsissuedbyany Arabiancityareof thetimeofValerianand Gallienus.
ADRAA.
Adraa (Derainthe Hauran,theBiblicalEdreci)wasaminorcentreof thecultofDusares,whosebaetylisrepresentedonthe
coins.4
It wasoriginallyn the Nabataeankingdomandwasdoubtlessincludedin ProvinciaArabiaat thetime ofthe constitutionoftheprovince,whoseera isemployedonthecoinage.
Thecoinage6beginsin the Antonineperiod'(MarcusAurelius,
Lucilla,Commodus)andcontinuesto Valerianand Gallienus.Thechieftypesare:BaetylofthegodDusares(AOYCAPHC&EOC)placed(some-times)between twoornaments(hornsofthealtar ?)onasquare
I
OntheboundariesatvariousperiodsseeBrin-now-Domaszewski,ProvinciaArabia,iii, pp.264ff.
2
Underwhichheadtheircoins,sofarasrepre-sentedintheBritishMuseumupto
I899,
havebeencataloguedbyWroth,B.M.C.Galatia,etc.
(i899).3
SeeWroth,op. cit.p.
302.4
SeeespeciallyDussaud,NotesdeMythologieSyrienne,p.
i67
.
andbelow,underBostra.Itissupposedthatthepanegyriarchsof AdraawhosededicatoryinscriptionsappearatPetra(Briinnow,
i,
p
.zzo,
no.6o,
2-4)
representedAdraaattheannualfestivalofDusares;andoneof theinscrip-tions accompaniesthe figureof anomphalos-shapedbaetyllikethatshownonthe coinsof Adraa.Itis,however,noticeablethattheneighbouringdedica-tionsofpanegyriarchsaretoOe,&
Ae'ytoT,
pre-sumablyAllat,whomaybe the paredrosofDusares.5Briinnow-Domaszewski,iii, p.265;Dussaud,
Notes,p.
117.6
Seeespeciallyde Saulcy,TerreSainte,
pp.
373
f,
andDussaud,loc.cit.
7
Dalman,Petrau.s. Felsbeiligtiimer,p.
50,
thinkstheyarethe remainsofpillarssupportingan archoverthebaetyl.

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