edit] Decomposition Reactions
These are the opposite of synthesis reactions, with the format AB A + B. Decompositionreactions "take things apart". Just as synthesis reactions can only form one product,decomposition reactions can only start with one reactant. Compounds that are unstable willdecompose quickly without outside assistance.One example is the electrolysis of water (passingwater through electrical current) to form hydrogengas and oxygen gas.Hydrogen peroxide slowly decomposes into water and oxygen because it is somewhat unstable. The process is sped up by the energy from light, sohydrogen peroxide is stored in dark containers toslow down the decomposition.Carbonic acid is the carbonation that is dissolved insoda. It decomposes into carbon dioxide and water,which is why an opened drink will lose its fizz.Decomposition, aside from happening spontaneously in unstablecompounds, occurs under three conditions: thermal, electrolytic, andcatalytic.
occurs when a substance is heated.
, as shown above, is the result of an electriccurrent.
happens because a catalyst breaksapart a substance.
ingle Replacement Reactions
Single replacement reactions, also called single displacement, swap one component with another,in the format AB + C AC + B.Adding hydrochloric acid to zinc will cause a gas to bubble out:
edit] Double Replacement Reactions
In these reactions, two compounds swap components, in the format AB + CD AD + CB.