While verbs of consumption are generally Nom-Acc verbs in Old Norse-Icelandic, and verbs of authority/control are generally Nom-Dat verbs, it isclear that the two languages share two subconstructions, namely verbs of cognition and verbs of emotion.However, given the low type frequency of the Nom-Gen pattern in VedicSanskrit and given its semantic range, it seems highly unlikely that thereexisted a conceptual link between the adnominal and the adverbal genitiveconstructions in any prehistoric period of Old Norse-Icelandic. Such a period can at least not be assumed to have existed since the documentationof Indo-European. Therefore, the conceptual link requirement must either be abandoned or it must be assumed to have existed in Proto-Indo-Europeanand gotten lost before the individual language families branched off.However, such a link can of course not be posited for Proto-Indo-Europeanif there is no evidence in the daughter languages to support it.
2 Nominal vs. Verbal Constructions
The lack of historical evidence for a conceptual link between the adnominaland the adverbal genitive raises a related question, namely whether categories including verbal and nominal heads really are equivalent, asimplied by the comparison of nominal constructions in Chapers 5–7 andverbal constructions in Chapter 8.One difference between the two types of constructions is that adnominalconstructions have a predefined structure, i.e. [GEN [N]] or [[N] GEN], whileadverbal constructions have different structure depending on the semantics of the verb, i.e. [GEN-V], [GEN-V-N], [N-V-GEN], [N-V-N-GEN]. Another difference lies in the fact that adnominal constructions are completelyschematic, while verbal constructions are dependent on their verbs, hence theyare not completely schematic, but the “head” is lexically filled with the verb.This in turn means that one can say that the adnominal genitive is “governed” by the structure, while adverbal genitives are “governed” by lexical heads, i.e. by specific verbs. Or, in the classical generative terminology the adnominalconstruction is fully structural, while the adverbal construction is lexical (seeotherwise Barðdal 2011a for a discussion and criticism of this dichotomy).