is formed by,a.an upper framework of bone- the nasal bones- the nasal part of the frontal bones- the frontal part of the maxillab.a lower series of cartilagesc.a small zone of fibro-fatty tissue laterally, the
cavity of the nose
is subdivided by the nasal septum into two halvesa.opening to the exterior through the
b.opening into the nasopharynx through the posterior nasal apertures, or
immediately within the nares is a small dilatation, the
each side of the nose has a roof, lateral & medial walls, and a floor,a.
slopes up and backwards forming the bridge of the nose (nasal & frontal bones)then passes horizontally (cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone)finally curves downward (body of the sphenoid)b.
slightly concave from side to side, and antero-posteriorlyformed from the palatine process of the maxilla and the horizontal plate of thepalatine bonec.
or nasal septum
formed from the septal cartilage, the perpendicular plate of the ethmoid superiorlyand the vomer infero-posteriorlydeviation of the anterior septum is seen in ~ 75% of adults, males > femalesd.
nasal aspect of the ethmoidal labyrinth above, the nasal surface of the maxillainfero-anteriorly, and the perpendicular plate of the palatine bone posteriorlyprojects 3
, or turbinate bones, each arching over a
the upper & middle chonchae arise from the ethmoidal labyrinththe inferior choncha is a separate bonehouses the orifices of the paranasal sinuses & the nasolacrimal duct,i.sphenoid sinus- opens into the
- between the short superior choncha & the sphenoid bodyii.posterior ethmoidal cells- into the superior meatusiii.middle ethmoidal cells- bulge into & open on the middle meatus= the
iv.maxillary sinus- ostium opens below the
- this is situated below the bulla ethmoidalis
Anatomy & Regional Anaesthesia