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Able-Baker Background Materials

Able-Baker Background Materials

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Published by Bob Andrepont

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Published by: Bob Andrepont on Feb 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/21/2011

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HOLD
FOR RELEASE NO.
626-59
UNTIL RECOVERY
OF
NOSE CONELI
5-6700,
EXt.
71252
FACT SHEET NO.
2
..
DELIVERY VEHICLE
AND
RECOVERY SYSTEMThe
U,
S.
Navy and the
U.
S.
Air Force contributed'to therecovery of the Jupiter intermediate range ballistic missile nosecone launched from the Atlantic Missile Range, Cape Canaveral,Flqridst,. by the Army's rocket-space team.The cone carried bio-medical experiments on
a
space available
.
basis in support of NASA's space
program.
The Jupiter launchingwas
a
regularly scheduled event
in
the IRBM weapons developmentprogram,The recovery gear employed in the test had functionedsuccessfully in three out of four previous missile launchings bythe Army.The first missile nose cone recovered in the Free World afterballistic flight of long range was picked up bytheNavy August
7,
1957.
This
was
transported by an Army Jupiter
C
rocket.In May and July,
1958,
the Navy recovered two full-scale
..
Jupiter
IRBM
nose cones in undamaged condition after they werelaunched from the Atlantic Missile Range. They traveled about
1,500
miles.For the current test, the carrier vehicle was the Army-developed Jupiter.
19
of these
flights
were considered successful
-
an extraordinaryrecord of reliability.had developed
a
technique to protect
a
nuclear warhead
from
premature destruction when it reenters Earth's atmosphere from
outer
space
at
a
velocity
of
about
10,000
miles
per
hour. The
temperature
of
5,000
degrees Fahrenheit would otherwise destroythe cone before it reached the target area.
I'
..
The missile has been launched
20
times andThe success of earlier recoveries established that the
Amy
The nose cone for the Jupiter was designed and developed
by
the Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Huntsville, Alabama, theorganization responsible for the entire Jupiter missile system.The Cincinnati Testing and Research Laboratories, Cincinnati,Ohio, assisted
in
the development work.MORE
.
.
.
._.
_
.
.
.
,
 
..
.
,
ABMA
is
an element of
the
U.
S.
Amy Ordnance
Missile
Command,
which
in
addition
to
its
primary
mission
of
development
of
Army
ballistic
missiles,
conducts space
missions
for
the
National Seronautics ana Space Administration and for
the
Advanced Research Projects Agency, Department of Defense.
escorts,
the
USS Snowden and
the
USS
Brough, a
fleet
tug, the
USS
ATF Kiowa
which
effected the actual recovery, and two
P2V
aircraft
.
For today's experiment
the
Navy
team
included
two
destroyerThe
ships
took up positions in
the
impact
area
prior
to
the
firing
of
the
Jupiter In order to observe
the
reentry
of
the
missile
and
its
cone into
the
atmosphere,
The
airplanes
helped
guide the
USS
Kiowa
tothepoint
at
which
the
cone plunged into
the
Atlantic
.
The
intricate recovery
gear
included
a
large
colored balloon,dye
marker,
signal
lights
and
a
radio
transmitterto
help
thewaiting
ships
locate the cone.
released
to protect
Navy
"frogmen" who dove into
the
ocean toSecure hoisting linestb
the
cone suspended beneath the balloon.
Air
bottles insidethenose cone inflated
the
5-foot orangeand blue balloon which carried
a
small
light
on
top as a beacon.
The
USS
Kiowa
carried
special
gear
designed by
ABMA
engineersby means of which
the
nose cone,
its
passengers and biologicalexperiments
were
recovered from
the
sea
for return to
the
main-land via San Juan, Puerto
Rico, for
study.
A
capsule of shark repellent
was
Jupiter
is
in production
at
the Michigan Ordnance
Missile
Thebasic
missile
has
been employed in
two
space
projects,
Pioneer
IV
becamePlant, operated
by
the
Chrysler Corporation for
the
Army.
the
Pioneer
I11
and
IV
deep
space
probes launched
for
theNational Aeronautics and Space Administration.
the
first
made-in-the-USA
satellite
of
the
Sun
after
its
launchingMarch
3,
.1959
.
END
..
.
.
 
NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION
WASHINGTON
25,
D.
C.
For
Insmediate
Release
FACT
SHEET
NO,
3
The
United States successfully launched
a
Jupiter Intermediaterange ballistic missile
today,
The primary mission
was
the
recovery
of
the
heat
protected nose cone;
a
secondary mission
was
a
four-partbio-medical experiment housed in the nose cone, The four
bio-rnedlcal
research experiments included in
the
project
did
not interfere
with
the
primary
mission
of
the
firing,
of
the
Space Program
of
the National AeronautAcas and Space Adminis-trationThey were conducted in support
Two
animals
--
%la
American-bo-zn
rhesus
moriey
and
a
squirrel
monkey
--
were
part
of
the experiment. In addition,
studies
were
madeon
yeast,corn,
mustard
seeds,
fruit
fly
lamaeD
hman
blood,
mold
spore, and
fish
eggs,The American-born rhesus monkey, Monkey
Able,
was
trained
ta
perform physical movements t,hrcmgho~.xt
ts
flight
aver
the
Atlantic.
This
marked
the
first
time
this
type
of
experiment
had
beenattempted during an extended gravity-free
or
weightless
state,
The
experiment
was
desigmd
to provide
infomation
to
be
usedin studying the effects
of"
acket f9igk;tupm.
himan
performance
such.
as
the psychological
effects
cf
noise, acceleration, deceleration,vibration, rotation and gravity-free
state
encoun%ered
in
roeket-propelled vehicles.The Jupiter missile
was
progrmmed
fo~
bout
l5OO
miles
ovexa
the
Atlantic
PIfssi.3.e
Range
at a
maximum
altitude
of
mare
'cham
300
miles,
This
trajectory
would provide
a
period
of
PrjUghtlessness
of' aboutnine
minutes.
The
expe~iment
as
carnnied
out
by
the Amy
Medical
Service
and
the
Army
Ballistic
Missile
Agency,
Amy
Ordnance
Missile
Go-mnand.
ABM,
develaper
of
the
Jupiter, launched
todayla
missile,
The
s~l.en-
tiffc experiments
were
cmzducted
on
a
space-available
basis,
with
no fnterferaence
with
the
noranal
weapons
developmen% progrm.
The
data
obtained
from
the
scientific experiments
will
be
pro-
vided
to
the
bio-medical
progrms
of'
NASA
and
the
militaq services,
Other
Government agencies
and
educational institutions involved inbiomedical research
will
also
receive
the
analyzed
data
upon request,

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