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Volume 4 Military Operations of the American Expeditionary Forces

Volume 4 Military Operations of the American Expeditionary Forces

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Published by Paul D Carrier

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Published by: Paul D Carrier on Feb 21, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/14/2012

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CAMBRAINovember 20 - December 4, 19 17
Preface
American troops fought at Cambrai for the first time in World War I.Units involvedwere the 1 lth. 12th. and 14th Regiments of Engineers which had been attached to the BritishThird Army in the Cambrai area.The American units named had been engaged for some time in preparatory work for thelaunching of a British attack which, if it penetrated beyond Bois de Bourlon, might dis-organize German defenses to the north or, by a swing to the right, cut off Cambrai.Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig planned the opening of the brilliant but futilespearhead. the British initial attack broke through the German lines to a distance ofthree miles and effected a crossing of the Canal de 1’Escaut.General Ludendorff, realizing the seriousness of a complete British breakthrough onthis front, ordered in all possible German reinforcements and checkmated the originalBritish advantage gamed in fighting on November 20.By December 7, after heavy losseson both sides. fighting gradually died away.American participation in the Cambrai operations was minor and entirely impromptu.The 1 lth Engineers. working near Fins, joined and fought with the British 20th Division:the 12th Engineers delivered artillery ammunition: and the 14th Engineers, using lightrailway lines in the British VI Corps area, also hauled artillery ammunition.
___
Every effort has been made to attain accuracy in geographical designations appearingin the text and map sketches following. However, variations occur in spellings and inpresentations of terms. Such changes and deviations stem from various causes - differencesin spelling or nomenclature on basic maps, choices of spelling indicated in availablecontemporaneous reference material (including postal guides), foreign language difficultiesencountered in preparation of original documents, and the prolific use of contemporaneousabbreviations, accepted as well as unauthorized. Whenever geographical designations couldnot be identified by consultation of maps or other pertinent references, such terms havebeen reproduced as they appeared in the original documents, followed by appropriateeditorial notations to achieve clarity.-l-
 
OPERATED BYAMER I Ilk mdlZth ENGRSeo w-4 DEC,917
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SYMBOLS
Symbols which appear on drawings accompanying operationa
I
documents are explained hereinafter
IEFINITION ANDTYPES OF SYMBOLS AMER FR GERREMARKS
30UNDARIES
ARMY---:ORPS _- -- --XVISION ___ -..3RIGADE-_?EGIMENT -.. -.3ATTALION -. b-4.WZOMPANY-_-- _---IIVISIONBASICINFANTRY3RIGADE (BASIC)i’EGIMENT (INF)3ATTALIQN:BASIC
pv
2
F
I5 t
INFANTRYFIELD SIGNALPZOMPANYbARTILLERYIBASIC) b
OPERATIONAL
FRONT LINES
--=I-
MAIN LINE RESISTANCE -OUTPOST LINEh&b&TRENCHESIIN
A ADDITIONS INDICATE TYPEOF ARTILLERY AND UNITtmmmr,-,,,, ALSO DESlGNATED”LlNE OFSENTRIES”UI
II I I I
TROOPS(General)
_
FRONT LINESUPPORTRESERVE
I,JNlTS
AIR SQUADRONAMBULANCE(BASIC)SATTALION (INF)3ATTALION,LessElements (See Remarks)CYCLIST COMPANYENGINEER (BASIC)‘VIACHINE-GUNSHARPSHOOTER BnMILITARY POLICESOUND-RANGINGSECTION (ARMY)SUPPLY(See Remarks)
im
IXI
El
@I
BASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBC“SPAD” INDICATES TYPE OFSQUADRONa DRAWING SHOWS 4.COMPANYBn LESS ONE COMPANY@~ SPECIAL GERMAN MACHINE-GUN FORMATIONARMY TROOPSBASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBOITHE “R” STANDS FOR“RAVITAILLEMENTS”(SUPPLIES)
TELEGRAPH DET
BASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBO
TRENCH MORTAR(BASIC)AMMUNITIONDIVISIONAL (HQ)MACHINE-GUN(Bn)MOBILE ORDNANCEREPAIR SHOPREGIMENTALCINF)SANITARYSANITARY (HQ)SUPPLYMOBILE VETERINARSECTIONMotorized (BOSIC)AMBULANCEAMMUNITIONDIVISIONAL (HQ)ENGINEERMACHINE-GUN(Bn)MOBILE ORDNANCEREPAIR SHOPSUBSISTENCE(See Remarks)SUPPLY (INF)
INSTALLATIONS
AMMUNITION DUMPBATTERY POSITIONENGINEER DUMPFIELD HOSPITALFIRST AID STATIONGUN EMPLACEMEN-ORDNANCE DUMPWATER SUPPLYPOINTMACHINE-GUN(BASI(MACHINEGUNNEAV’MORTAR (HEAVY)TRENCH MORTARBOUNDARY(INTERNATIONAL)CHURCHNOT SHELL-PROOFSHELL PROOFSIGNAL CORPS
m
REMARKS
BASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBOL“V” STANDS FOR “VIVRES” -[RATIONS)3ASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBOL\DDITIONS SHOW CHARACTERIF EMPLACEMENT AND TYPEIF MAT:RIEL3ASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBOI3ASICALLY A FRENCH SYMBOL\DDlTlONS INDICATE TYPEIF MATkRIEL
-2A-

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