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Throttling Process

Throttling Process

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Published by synayak
Throttling Process - Thermodynamics. Prepared as notes for Students. Does not have sketch. Need to draw it after printing
Throttling Process - Thermodynamics. Prepared as notes for Students. Does not have sketch. Need to draw it after printing

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Published by: synayak on Aug 21, 2008
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07/02/2013

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 Dept of Mech Engg.III Sem Auto
Throttling Process
The throttling process is an irreversible steady flow expansion process in which a perfectgas is expanded through an orifice of minute dimensions such as a narrow throat or aslightly opened valve. Due to fall in pressure during expansion, the gas should come outwith a large velocity, but due to high frictional resistance between the gas and the wallsof the aperture, there is no considerable change in velocity. The kinetic energy of the gasis converted into heat which is utilized in warming the gas to its initial temperature. Sinceno heat is supplied or rejected during the throttling process, and also no work is done,therefore
q
1-2
= 0 and
w
1-2
= 0we know that steady flow energy equation for unit mass flow ish
1
+ V
12
/2 + gz
1
+ q
1-2
= h
2
+ V
22
/2 + gz
2
+ w
1-2
since there is no considerable change in velocity and inlet and outlet are the sametherefore V
1
= V
2
and z
1
= z
2
also since w
1-2
= 0 and q
1-2
= 0the above equation reduces to h
1
= h
2
Thus, the throttling process is a constant enthalpy process.The throttling process was investigated by Joule and Thompson during an experimentknown as the Joule Thompson porous plug experiment.
Sketch Here
Compiled by NSYPage 1 of 2TE I - Chapter 2

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how the temp rises in the throttling processs /
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