CompositionC, H, O (Ratio is 1:2:1)ExamplesSugars (GGFMLS, starch,cellulose, Glycogen)*** Saccharides refer tosugar Sugars ( 2 types)a)Simple sugars(monosaccharides)
(milksugar. Common in mammalsonly),
(found inplants, uncommon in animals)b) Complex sugars(dissacharides andpolysaccharides).Disaccharides:
: Glucose + Fructose
Glucose + Galactose
: Glucose + Glucose*** Glycogen, Starch andcellulose are polysaccharides*** Glycogen is known asanimal starch. It is found inanimals and fungi. Storedmainly in the liver andmuscles.Functions-Source of energy-Form supporting structures eg cellulose cell wall-Can be converted into other organic compounds like aminoacids, fats-Needed to form nucleic acids like DNA-Synthesize lubricants eg mucus that traps in the trachea-Produce nectar Test for reducingsugar
Benedicts’s Test: Brick Red Precipitate is formed.Test for starchIodine test: Starch turns iodine solution from brown to blueblack.