Advantages of using a thyristor switch in place of a mechanical switch
A thyristor switch takes less time to operate as it does not contain any moving parts. Therefore,a thyristor switch is capable of operating speeder than a typical mechanical switch.2.
Thyristors consume very low power when compared with a mechanical switch. Mechanicalswitches produce heat due to its internal coil resistances, which also causes considerable powerloss.3.
Consider about the switching frequency of an application, thyristors can be applied to largerswitching frequency applications where normal mechanical switch cannot operate.4.
Comparing the power handling capacity with the size of the device, a thyristor is smaller in sizebut has a greater power handling capacity.5.
If the switching task is done by means of a mechanical switch there would be an arc generatedvia the two poles of the switch during the switching. But the thyristor will not produce such arc,thus providing safety.6.
Because thyristor ON/OFF operation is governed by electricity (Voltage) it is much easier to usethyristor switches over mechanical switches when an electrically controlled system is availablesuch as most modern control systems.7.
The operating behavior of thyristors can easily be determined
by means of manufacture’s data
sheets, whereas normal mechanical switches do not have characteristics that can be used toobtain transfer functions of the device.8.
It is much reliable to use thyristors over electro-mechanical relays or switches because of therobust operation of the thyristor for a longer period time with minimum possibility of errors.9.
Maintenance cost of a thyristor is less when compared to a mechanical switch. A switch oftenrequires rust removing and lubricating.
Applications where the thyristor is preferred over mechanical switches
Three phase inverter-switching circuits are constructed using thyristors. The switchingfrequency employed is larger, which mechanical switches cannot achieve.2.
Stepper motor control circuits are built using thyristors where high precision movements arerequired.3.
Fluorescent lamp ballast designs are done using thyristors where normal inductive ballast arereplaced.