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Traditional Crafts of Maramures

Traditional Crafts of Maramures

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Published by Culac Alexandru

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Published by: Culac Alexandru on Feb 21, 2011
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11/10/2012

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 Traditional Crafts of MaramuresMaramures
is a small and unique location in the geographical heartland of Europe that hascarefully and preserved the culture, traditions and lifestyle of the past. The region stands as a testament totraditional; to a romantic era of simplicity, pride and moral values that many of us can only now read aboutor hear from our grandparents.You will discover through the text our tradional crafts,like woodcarving,pottery , fabrics and traditional costumes and also traditional jewelry and masks.As many of you probably noticed, Maramures is the land of wood, so, there can not miss wood art andcarving. Those poeple who visited Romania had the chance to see the results of some skilled hands, full of tallent , as well had the chance and the opportunity to carve too.Maramures can be proud with its creation inart wood, here you can find the oldest wooden church from Europe(Wooden Curch from Ieud -1364), thetallest wooden church in Europe (Peri Monastery from Sapanta : 78 m),the famous Merry Cemetery, butalso old houses and traditional gates, they are like an open air museum.Since immemorial times, earth, water and fire came alive in the hands of the craftsmen fromMaramures. The clay has given birth to recipients of sheer and heathen beauty, having different shapes, painted with natural colors and burnt in traditional kilns. The ceramics from Sacel,witch is famous for itsred, unglazed pottery,is obtained through ancient, dacian techniques that date back more than 2000 yearsago. The oven uses wood fire so the colour of the clay is preserved. The clay used is kaolin, a fine and denseclay taken from deep springs (10-15m) in Drobodeava Hill, Săcel. The ornaments are simple and resemblenatural elements (the flow of water, the sun, the line of life, folkloric motifs) and they were also used in theDacian ceramics. The pots are made at the wheel, decorated, polished with a stone, laid out to dry,thenstored in boxes until a considerable number of them are made. Other types of ceramics in Maramures are theenameled ones from Vama and Lăpu, the ceramics of neo-Byzantine influence from Iza Valley ,Baia Mare
ș
 and Baia Sprie. Thus, the potter's wheel from Maramures gave life and freshness to the well water and tasteto the food on the tables of these region's houses.As you know, the people from Maramures are very hardworking and brave people, very hospitable andcheerful. Also the traditional costume from Maramures has many sober note, undeniable beauty and old andfortunately kept well in front of the wave of modernism.Some of you had the opportunity to see an old traditional room with dowry. You must know that everyrespectable household keeps a guestroom sheltering the daughter’s dowry with all the clothes and linen shemay need for her new beginning,when she will get married.In this room you can see:carpets,”covoare,cergi” and towels’
 
ştergare,
 
 procute’ which are designed in intricate geometrical patternsand contrasting colours and their border displays anthropomorphous or human representations such as ‘soldiers dancing’ and ‘horse and horseman’. Also the bed throws come in two, up to four different coloursand authentic textiles are painted in natural tones obtained form plants and tree bark.About the traditional costume, those who visited Romania, Maramures first noticed that our traditionalcostumes are impressive through beauty and simplicity. You will not see the same costume in every region because each ethnographic region has a local specific when it comes to costume. For instance, the costumeof the Land of Lapus is much more elegant and sobre than the one from the Historical Maramures.Thewomen shirt,”cămaşa” has a colorful flower ornaments, red, green, blue, in a large range of combinations,with sleeves ended in cuffs and flounces, ample skirts, covered by the two aprons with horizontal stripescolored according to the social status and region demonstrating imagination and innate talent of the womenhanded down from generation to generation. During the winter time, the women are very lucky tu wear a

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