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21st Century Architecture

21st Century Architecture

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Published by Asa Darmatriaji
summary of book constructing a new agenda, architectural theory 1993-2009
summary of book constructing a new agenda, architectural theory 1993-2009

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Categories:Topics, Art & Design
Published by: Asa Darmatriaji on Feb 22, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2013

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Name : Asa Darmatriaji, Matrikel Nummer: 4053184
Architecture of 21
st
CenturyRethinking of architecture content and architect’s role in everyday life
The inescapable worlds of digital age on the 21
st
century is moving rapidly nowadays tending and forceeveryone to at least link and connected to the wireless world in everyday life, everywhere in part of theworld. With the advent of computer technology, it makes design more accessible to everyone and itbrought us to redefine the process of design, it readjusts us toward an instant city rather than physicaldevelopment. In architecture field, the emergent software’s that are capable to give flexibility forarchitects to shape their architecture in more advance way, its tending to drive all the emergingarchitects take a longer route within their design process in the computerization based thought and theunavoidable aspect which lead them toward minimum consideration to what in fact happened in theeveryday life. In Field Conditions, Stan Allen wrote that “Form matters, but not so much the forms of things as the forms between things” and Allen pleads that architecture that is both a product of and aresponse to the modern-day daily activities and act upon it. Presumably architecture has to focus inlarger pictures that exemplify the surrounding vigor characteristics.The direct translation of a term, fold, this term taken from Gilles Deuleuze’s book Le Pli, whichcharacterized most of architects in the last decade, for example the work of Massimiliano Fuksas, NewMilan Trade Fair, which demonstrating an undulating roof that in some parts turn to be a wall and eventurned to be floor or it is a continuation of roof shape that covering 1300m length and 32m wide. It blursthe definition of floor, wall, roof which is in a way promoting what Greg Lynn called smooth architectureboth visual and mathematic sense to what Lynn’s belief it is a composition of disparate elements that isrelative to the discerning chef. By observing the intention to what Lynn’s interested with thearchitecture that exploits connections between elements instead of emphasizing contradictions, forinstance his well known works, blob wall, 2008, it exemplifies mixed technique of automobile,aeronautic which was never brought to architecture before, this collaboration between architectureindustry and automobile industry brought a proximity to whatever architects wanted to do, these days itis possible in terms of form by having a digital fabrication processes, the only limitation that is stillappear as the boundary is the economic value toward its production. Another example, In appearanceof hardware such as laser cuter, CNC milling machine, 3d printing, it gives a new mixture in terms of production time for the rapid prototyping, despite that by having these new possibilities it leads anarchitect profession into several questions, is an architect also a sculptor? Is now an architect can designeverything, include automobile? Is interior designer will be replaced by architects or even vice versa? Isarchitect as profession still valid within this energetic digital age? Relating to few questions that arementioned as follow, it is a condition where the availability of the information and flexibility throughinternet, particularly in terms of architecture field should not be trapped in the adulation which createdby the cyber space world which diluted the perception, perceivability for what architecture should be inthe future. In this decade, architecture as an event space or pavilion space, architecture toward advanceproduction system, computer mere as a tool for architects, smooth architecture as an alternative
 
transformation and also curving away from deconstructivism. But it should not move into somethingthat fixated to the cosmetic as Jeffrey Kipnis argue to what Herzog de Meuron typified on their workthat often high consideration on details, eye catching materials and stunning facades compare toattention of radical experiments to what is needed to be observed in terms of context and content.Nevertheless, Kipnis said that it was a brilliant thought leading to a voluptuous observation of theircosmetic techniques.If we take a look to what Rem Koolhaas is trying to do in this decade, is bringing architecture not mereas a representational object or form of symbolism, with his own distinct way which Robert Somol andSarah Whiting find that architecture should be an adaptive synthesis of many contingencies, rather thanisolating a singular autonomy, and in a way it must be a force and effect which apodictically taking intoconsideration all aspects of material, program, atmosphere, form, technologies, economies, and etc.Quote from Delirious New York
"a social condenser generating and intensifying desirable forms of human intercourse." 
(Koolhaas, 1978), here he found that the programmes inside The DowntownAthletic Club is the desire of what people “needs”, It is a skyscraper, in New York. Its exterior is not quitedifferent from any other skyscraper around it, while its interior stores a health club. It also has a golf course on the 7th floor, a swimming pool on the 12
th
floor, a garden on the 17
th
floor and boxing-,squash-, handball- and billiards facilities are spread around. Next to all the sport theme programmes arerestaurants and bedrooms all over the building. Having understand from a clear example that RemKoolhaas brought up, what people “desired”? It might be the suitable understanding from this decadethey desired all their basic necessities and maybe their extravagant necessities.While in the other hand a major theme that often being mentioned at anytime about
green architecture
,which is totally opposite to what Eduardo Souto de Moura beliefs “for me architecture is a global issuethere is no ecological architecture, no intelligent architecture, no fascist architecture, and no sustainablearchitecture – there is only good and bad architecture. There are always problems we must not neglect;for example energy, resources, costs, social aspects – one must always pay attention to all these!” here Iunderlined
there is only a good and bad architecture
, it is a clear manifesto which run against whatpeople called green architecture which intend to bring the perceiveability to what is already exist suchas a “green” building will use as little energy as possible and will make the most of the embodied energyrequired to build it. For instance, Norman Foster projects that often use the way of passive cooling andheating ideas, Ken Yeang with bringing in more lights toward mid-rise and high rise building, where it isnaturally has to be done far away before the term of “green” being conveyed to all architects and public,term green has less concern than all the real facts of “power” within the society which runs all the majorindustries, businesses, functions, and etc, in comparison to some extent rethinking how to make ourhouse exert so much effort to make it “green”, a lot of architects we could find, they are misleading inaction of making it green, for instance, by having a green roof that minimize the heat surface gain,creepers or climbers facades, and all approaches are eventually it is serving the purpose of making aminimum heat from direct sun, by naming it ‘green’ or ‘sustainable’ which intentionally creates a lot of less real consideration to what is out there, for example, ‘global economy crisis’, ‘a lot of jobless peopleand even more recently’, and many other problems which addresses so many professions to rethinkwhat are their support to the society within this 21
st
century.
 
 In response to what Robert Somol and Sarah Whiting, in their essay’s ‘Notes Around The Doppler Effectand other Moods of Modernism’, their concern in regards of projective architecture which mainlydescribes about the architect profession with their analysis and synthesis about economic, socio-cultural, civic politics, it will still stand as the proposition as an architect which engage the economic,socio-cultural, civic politics, in how design may effect on those notions, they are not expert nor trying tobe an expert in other fields. It is relevant to deal with the complexity of the world of global influences;the peculiar behavior in a good and positive influence of an architect’s role is needed, as the world isleading toward so many dreams, sometimes an unpredictable nor noticeable. Whatever enroll world of many cities, which inevitably related to ‘power’ that reign or justify major implications of a city, in thismanner architect’s role nowadays should addresses, encompasses, a lot of small impact movementwhich hopefully might be able to give a good and large impact on all notions. It was an uneasy job orprofession as an architect, which majorly they are limited to all access to the government apparatus thatplay the important role in generating a new policy, law, and regulations. For example, as we knowJakarta, currently it has several problems which being main concern for the government due tounrefined condition both physical and non-physical aspects and it needed to be solved soon. Forexample, Jakarta has lead several problems which are insufficient Public Park, inequality of publictransportation system, irrational location of residential relative to the city centre as main activities formost of the city inhabitants, the urgency of farming and cultivation centre to tackle the imbalancegreenery areas which are lacking is needed, degradation of land which caused flood in some parts of Jakarta. According to this several problems what can architects do due to many predicamentshappened? Pertaining to this question it is a modest way to relook what and where is the architect as aprofession stand, ideally they might be able to proposed something, for example, Jakarta is one of theliveliest, densest, and most diverse metropolitan city in the world, which yet is still not able to balancethe dynamic and rapid growth in all aspects, it has abundant area of slum which sometimes contrastwhat are being present in the major road, a lot of urban kampong are nestled in between main centralbusiness district, Jalan Sudirman. This kind of similar condition has been main concern for developmentcountries worldwide, but if we sniff around kampong, you will find out that how intelligent they are interms of using their space. Within a 60-90cm wide or a very narrow alley they are able to do a lot of activities like small kiosk, cooking, kids playing, playing music in their tiny terrace in front of the alley,washing motorbike, and many other daily activities. I presumed many of modern houses failing toprovide and nurture the space to be active and livable space in Jakarta. Having described the potentialof urban kampong in Jakarta, it drives a new consideration, of how to alleviate the inherent quality of kampong, is a new challenge in development countries, it is a stimulation of rethinking how the citymight work within the range of small change with big impact proposition, rather than thinking how todevelop more into mega infrastructures as the city itself tending to lack of power to balance the organicand also sporadic growth, to rethink of to what is needed for architect or urbanist nowadays, it issuitable to think in smaller scale of problems in major city, without losing the grasp of what is lacking forconcern in the architecture of everyday.It maybe dreams for all of architects to be famous, to be cool, to be hot, and many other amazing termthat could described best for most of young architects and the predecessors of starchitects, but it is rare

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