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r05010201 Applied Physics

r05010201 Applied Physics

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Code No: R05010201
Set No. 1
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

APPLIED PHYSICS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics
& Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Information
Technology, Electronics & Control Engineering, Computer Science &
Systems Engineering, Electronics & Telematics, Electronics & Computer
Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Explain the terms
[6]
i. basis
ii. space lattice and
iii. unit cell.
(b) Describe the seven crystal systems with diagrams.
[10]
2. (a) What are Miller indices? Draw (111) and (110) planes in a cubic lattice. [6]
(b) Explain Bragg\u2019s law of X-ray di\ufb00raction.
[6]
(c) The Bragg\u2019s angle for re\ufb02ection from the (111) plane in a FCC crystal is 19.2o
for an X-ray wavelength of 1.54 A.U. Compute the cube edge of the unit cell.
[4]
3. (a) What are matter waves? Explain their properties.
[6]
(b) Derive the expression for de-Broglie wave length.
[6]
(c) Calculate the wavelength associated with an electron having energy 2000 eV.
[4]
4. (a) What is Fermi level?
[2]
(b) Explain Fermi-Dirac distribution for electrons in a metal. Discuss its variation
with temperature.
[8]

(c) Calculate the free electron concentration, mobility and drift velocity of elec- trons in aluminum wire of length of 5 m and resistance 0.06 \u2126 carrying a current of 15 A, assuming that each aluminum atom contributes 3 free elec- trons for conduction.

Given: Resistivity for aluminum = 2.7\u00d7 10\u22128 \u2126-m.
Atomic weight
= 26.98
Density
= 2.7\u00d7 103 kg/m3
Avagadro number = 6.025\u00d7 1023
[6]
1 of 2
Code No: R05010201
Set No. 1
5. (a) What is meant by local \ufb01eld in a dielectric? Explain. How is it calculated for
a cubic structure?
[8]
(b) Obtain Clausius Mosotti equation which relates the macroscopic dielectric
constant with microscopic polarizability.
[8]
6. (a) Name two superconducting materials with their transition temperatures. [6]
(b) Describe the e\ufb00ect of magnetic \ufb01eld and isotropic e\ufb00ect on superconductivity.
[6]
(c) For a specimen ofV3Ga, the critical \ufb01elds are respectively 1.4\u00d7 105 and
4.2\u00d7 105 amp/metre for 14 K and 13 K. Calculate the transition temperature
and critical \ufb01elds at 0 K and 4.2 K.
[4]
7. (a) Explain the characteristics of a laser beam.
[4]
(b) Describe the construction and working of a ruby laser.
[8]
(c) Discuss how lasers are helpful in induced fusion and isotope separation processes.
[4]
8. (a) Explain the terms \u2018numerical aperture\u2019 and \u2018acceptance angle\u2019.
[6]
(b) With the help of a suitable diagram explain the principle, construction and
working of an optical \ufb01bre as a wave guide.
[6]

(c) An optical \ufb01bre has a core material of refractive index of 1.55 and cladding material of refractive index 1.50. The light is launched into it in air. Calculate its numerical aperture.

[4]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: R05010201
Set No. 2
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

APPLIED PHYSICS
( Common to Electrical & Electronic Engineering, Electronics &
Communication Engineering, Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics
& Instrumentation Engineering, Bio-Medical Engineering, Information
Technology, Electronics & Control Engineering, Computer Science &
Systems Engineering, Electronics & Telematics, Electronics & Computer
Engineering and Instrumentation & Control Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Explain the terms
[6]
i. basis
ii. space lattice and
iii. unit cell.
(b) Describe the seven crystal systems with diagrams.
[10]
2. (a) State and explain Bragg\u2019s law.
[6]
(b) Describe with suitable diagram, the powder method for determination of crys-
tal structure.
[6]

(c) A beam of X-rays of wavelength 0.071 nm is di\ufb00racted by (110) plane of rock salt with lattice constant of 0.28 nm. Find the glancing angle for the second order di\ufb00raction.

[4]
3. (a) Explain the following:
i. edge dislocation and
ii. screw dislocation
[10]
(b) Explain the signi\ufb01cance of Burgers vector.
[6]
4. (a) Explain the origin of energy bands in solids.
[6]

(b) Assuming the electron - lattice interaction to be responsible for scattering of conduction electrons in a metal, obtain an expression for conductivity in terms of relaxation time and explain any three draw backs of classical theory of free electrons.

[6]
(c) Find the temperature at which there is 1% probability of a state with an
energy 0.5 eV above Fermi energy.
[4]
5. (a) What is intrinsic break down in dielectric materials?
[4]
(b) Explain electronic polarization in atoms and obtain an expression for electronic
polarisability in terms of the radius of the atom.
[8]
1 of 2

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