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Rr10301 Engineering Chemistry

Rr10301 Engineering Chemistry

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Aug 21, 2008
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Code No: RR10301
Set No. 1
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Production
Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) Name the di\ufb00erent ingredients present in paints.
(b) Explain why stainless steel is resistant to atmospheric corrosion.
(c) Distinguish between di\ufb00erential aeration corrosion and di\ufb00erential metal cor-

rosion.
[5+6+5]
2. (a) How is PVC prepared and what are its uses?
(b) Write down the di\ufb00erences between compression and injection moulding tech-
niques.
(c) How is Thiokol prepared? Mention its uses.
[4+6+6]
3. (a) What is meant by \u201chardness\u201d of water?
(b) What are the major disadvantages of hard water when used for
i. domestic purposes.
ii. industrial purposes and
iii. steam generation in boilers?
[4+12]
4. Calculate the amount of soda and lime required to soften 15,000 lit of water which
showed the following analysis.

NaCl= 15.5 ppm, KCl = 25 ppm, CO2 = 5.5 ppm, Mg SO4 = 120 ppm, CaCl2 = 22ppm, Ca(HCO3)2 = 15ppm, Mg (HCO3)2 = 3.30 ppm, Suspended matter =15 ppm, Organic impurities = 35 ppm.

[16]
5. (a) What are the characteristics of liquid fuels?
(b) Write note on:
i. octane number.
ii. Thermal cracking.
[8+8]
6. (a) With a neat diagram describe the orsat gas analysis method. What are the
special precaution to be taken in the measurement .
(b) De\ufb01ne calori\ufb01c values of a fuel. Distinguish gross and net calori\ufb01c value. [8+8]
7. What are Refractories? Explain Thermal spalling, strength and porosity of the
refractories.
[16]
8. Write a note on lubricants with special reference to their classi\ufb01cation, mode of
action, examples and applications.
[16]
1 of 2
Code No: RR10301
Set No. 1
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: RR10301
Set No. 2
I B.Tech Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008

ENGINEERING CHEMISTRY
( Common to Mechanical Engineering, Mechatronics, Production
Engineering, Aeronautical Engineering and Automobile Engineering)

Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. (a) What is a drying oil? Give two examples.
(b) Compare the uniform corrosion and pitting corrosion.
(c) Explain Sacri\ufb01cial anode method in detail.

[5+6+5]
2. (a) What is Nylon and how is it prepared?
(b) Explain any one of the mechanism of addition polymerization. Using a suitable
example.
(c) Describe the important uses of PVC.
[6+6+4]
3. (a) Describe the principle and procedure involved in the zeolite process used for
the treatment of water.
(b) What are the advantages and disadvantages of Zeolite process over lime-soda
process?
[8+8]

4. Determine the total hardness of a sample of water in0Fr and0Clarke which showed the following analysis :- Suspended matter = 100 mg; Ca(NO3)2 = 16.4 mg/litre; MgSO4 = 24 mg/litre; MgCl2 = 19 mg/litre; NaOH = 40 mg/litre; KOH = 56 mg/litre ( At. Masses of Na = 23, Mg = 24, K = 39 and Ca = 40.)

[16]
5. (a) What is coal? How it is formed? Discuss the qualities of a good coal.
(b) Give the Classi\ufb01cation of coal and explain each class with example.
[8+8]
6. (a) With a neat diagram describe the orsat gas analysis method. What are the
special precaution to be taken in the measurement .
(b) De\ufb01ne calori\ufb01c values of a fuel. Distinguish gross and net calori\ufb01c value. [8+8]
7. (a) How are the refractories are classi\ufb01ed? Give one example for each class.
(b) Write a note on the conditions leading to failure of a refractory material. [8+8]
8. Explain the following two theories for the mechanism of the lubricants.
(a) Boundary lubrication
(b) Extreme pressure lubrication.
[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
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