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Saif Gaddafi's PHD thesis

Saif Gaddafi's PHD thesis

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Published by ellykilroy
PHD dissertation of Saif Gaddafi, son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.
PHD dissertation of Saif Gaddafi, son of Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi.

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Published by: ellykilroy on Feb 22, 2011
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07/04/2013

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The London School of Economics and Political Science
THE ROLE OF CIVIL SOCIETY IN THE DEMOCRATISATION OFGLOBAL GOVERNANCE INSTITUTIONS:
From ‘Soft Power’ to Collective Decision-Making?
Saif Al-Islam AlqadhafiA thesis submitted to the Department of Philosophy of the London School of Economics for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, London, September 2007
 
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Declaration
I certify that the thesis I have presented for examination for the MPhil/PhDdegree of the London School of Economics and Political Science is solelymy own work other than where I have clearly indicated that it is the work of others (in which case the extent of any work carried out jointly by me andany other person is clearly identified in it).The copyright of this thesis rests with the author. Quotation from it ispermitted, provided that full acknowledgement is made. This thesis may notbe reproduced without the prior written consent of the author.I warrant that this authorisation does not, to the best of my belief, infringethe rights of any third party.
 
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Abstract
 
This dissertation analyses the problem of how to create more just and democratic globalgoverning institutions, exploring the approach of a more formal system of collectivedecision-making by the three main actors in global society: governments, civil society andthe business sector. The thesis seeks to make a contribution by presenting for discussion anaddition to the system of international governance that is morally justified and potentiallypracticable, referred to as ‘Collective Management’. The thesis focuses on the role of civilsociety, analysing arguments for and against a role for civil society that goes beyond ‘softpower’ to inclusion as voting members in inter-governmental decision-making structures inthe United Nations (UN) system, the Bretton Woods institutions, the World TradeOrganisation (WTO) and other institutions.The thesis defends the argument that inclusion of elected representatives of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in tripartite decision-making structures couldpotentially create a more democratic global governing system. This conclusion is supportedby a specially-commissioned survey of leading figures in NGOs and IGO decision-makingstructures. The argument is developed in a case study of the WTO.The thesis explains and adopts three philosophical foundations in support of the argument.The first is liberal individualism; the thesis argues that there are strong motivations for freeindividuals to seek fair terms of cooperation within the necessary constraints of beingmembers of a global society. Drawing on the works of David Hume, John Rawls and NedMcClennen, it elaborates significant self-interested and moral motives that promptindividuals to seek cooperation on fair terms if they expect others to do so. Secondly, itsupports a theory of global justice, rejecting the limits of Rawls’s view of international justice based on what he calls ‘peoples’ rather than persons. Thirdly, the thesis adopts andapplies David Held’s eight cosmopolitan principles to support the concept and specificstructures of ‘Collective Management’.

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