This dissertation analyses the problem of how to create more just and democratic globalgoverning institutions, exploring the approach of a more formal system of collectivedecision-making by the three main actors in global society: governments, civil society andthe business sector. The thesis seeks to make a contribution by presenting for discussion anaddition to the system of international governance that is morally justified and potentiallypracticable, referred to as ‘Collective Management’. The thesis focuses on the role of civilsociety, analysing arguments for and against a role for civil society that goes beyond ‘softpower’ to inclusion as voting members in inter-governmental decision-making structures inthe United Nations (UN) system, the Bretton Woods institutions, the World TradeOrganisation (WTO) and other institutions.The thesis defends the argument that inclusion of elected representatives of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) in tripartite decision-making structures couldpotentially create a more democratic global governing system. This conclusion is supportedby a specially-commissioned survey of leading figures in NGOs and IGO decision-makingstructures. The argument is developed in a case study of the WTO.The thesis explains and adopts three philosophical foundations in support of the argument.The first is liberal individualism; the thesis argues that there are strong motivations for freeindividuals to seek fair terms of cooperation within the necessary constraints of beingmembers of a global society. Drawing on the works of David Hume, John Rawls and NedMcClennen, it elaborates significant self-interested and moral motives that promptindividuals to seek cooperation on fair terms if they expect others to do so. Secondly, itsupports a theory of global justice, rejecting the limits of Rawls’s view of international justice based on what he calls ‘peoples’ rather than persons. Thirdly, the thesis adopts andapplies David Held’s eight cosmopolitan principles to support the concept and specificstructures of ‘Collective Management’.