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r05311805 Welding Metallurgy

r05311805 Welding Metallurgy

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Published by: SRINIVASA RAO GANTA on Aug 21, 2008
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Code No: R05311805
Set No. 1
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
WELDING METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. Explain TIG welding with respect to:
(a) Principle
(b) Operation and
(c) Equipment
[4+6+6]
2. (a) With the aid of a simple outline sketch show the crystal structure in a cross-
section of a single \u2018V\u2019 butt weld in an un-alloyed non-ferrous metal.
(b) What is meant by post heating? Explain why welded assemblies may be
subjected to post heating?
[8+8]

3. (a) What are the advantages and disadvantages of submerged arc welding with two to three electrodes each having its independent power sources over that with single electrode?

(b) What are the advantages and limitations of spray arc MIG welding process
over pulsed arc process?
[8+8]
4. (a) What are the two types of electron beam guns? Give their individual advan-
tages?
(b) Explain why a vacuum chamber is used with the electron beam?
[10+6]
5. Name di\ufb00erent electrodes that are used for the welding of grey cast-iron and explain
oxy-acetylene welding of grey cast-iron?
[16]
6. (a) Describe the factors a\ufb00ecting weldability of copper and its alloys.
(b) Copper and high copper alloys are very di\ufb03cult to join by resistance spot
welding, whereas \ufb02ash welding technique gives good results. Justify.
[8+8]
7. (a) De\ufb01ne burning in the heat a\ufb00ected zone of a \ufb01llet weld and explain its causes
and remedies?
(b) Describe the phenomenon hydrogen induced cracking occurring in the welding
of high strength steels.
[8+8]
8. Write short notes on:
(a) Soldering of carbon and low alloy steels
(b) Soldering of copper and its alloys
[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: R05311805
Set No. 2
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
WELDING METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Explain the variables a\ufb00ecting the strength of a weld joint.
(b) Explain the characteristics of Butt joints.
[8+8]
2. Write short notes on:
(a) Metallurgical e\ufb00ects of heat \ufb02ow in welding
(b) Heat \ufb02ow in \ufb01llet welds
[8+8]
3. (a) What are the advantages and limitations of standard MIG process over mag-
netic \ufb02ux MIG process?
(b) Give the important applications of plasma torches?
[8+8]
4. (a) What are the variables encountered in spot welding?
(b) Explain di\ufb00usion bonding and give the important applications of di\ufb00usion
welding?
[8+8]
5. (a) Give the causes of porosity in the deposit, when hard facing is carried out on
low carbon steel?
(b) How does the welding of high carbon steels di\ufb00er from that of medium and
low carbon steels? Explain.
[10+6]
6. (a) Di\ufb00erentiate semi-automatic welding of aluminum with machine welding?
(b) What are the di\ufb00erent solid state welding processes used for joining aluminum
alloys?
[8+8]
7. (a) What are the causes and remedies for stress corrosion cracking in the welding
of austenitic stainless steels?
(b) What are the factors which promote hot cracking in weldments?
[8+8]

8. (a) What are the advantages of furnace brazing over other methods of brazing?
(b) What are the furnaces used for brazing purposes?
(c) Explain infrared brazing process?

[6+5+5]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1
Code No: R05311805
Set No. 3
III B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
WELDING METALLURGY
(Metallurgy & Material Technology)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
Answer any FIVE Questions
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6

1. With a neat sketch describe the principle of operation of any welding \ufb01xture with which you are acquainted and state the factors that must be considered for the e\ufb00ective operation of a welding \ufb01xture.

[16]
2. (a) What are the e\ufb00ects of thermal stresses in welds?
(b) What are the di\ufb00erent methods used to reduce welding stresses to a minimum?
Explain any one of them.
[8+8]
3. (a) Give the advantages and limitations of submerged arc welding.
(b) What are the applications of submerged arc welding.
[10+6]
4. (a) What are the two types of electron beam guns? Give their individual advan-
tages?
(b) Explain why a vacuum chamber is used with the electron beam?
[10+6]

5. (a) For a plain carbon steel containing 0.4% Carbon give three typical metal- lurgical states which might exist in the material in the vicinity of a fusion weld?

(b) Austenitic heat resisting steels containing higher nickel and chromiumcontents
are used for fabricating structures for high temperature service. Give reasons?
[8+8]
6. Write short notes on:
(a) Welding of dissimilar metals
(b) Welding of copper and its alloys.
[8+8]
7. (a) What are the causes and remedies for stress corrosion cracking in the welding
of austenitic stainless steels?
(b) What are the factors which promote hot cracking in weldments?
[8+8]
8. (a) Describe brazing of copper and its alloys?
(b) Explain the ultrasonic condensation methods of soldering?
[8+8]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1 of 1

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