(b) Rubidium is a BCC crystal. The angle of di\ufb00raction for (321) set of planes is at 270 for the \ufb01rst order re\ufb02ection. The wavelength of X-rays used is 0.0711nm. Calculate the interplanar distance of the planes. What is the atomic radius of Rubidium atom?
7. A Transmission pinhole photograph is made of a sheet of Aluminum 0.5 mm thick with Cu K\u03b1 radiation. Consider only the (111) re\ufb02ection which occurs at 2\u03b8 = 38.40 . Imagine the sheet to be divided into four layers, the thickness of each being equal to one fourth of the total thickness. Calculate the fraction of the total di\ufb00racted energy for each layer.
(b) Calculate the velocity and kinetic energy with which the electrons strike the target of an X-ray tube operating at a voltage \u2018V\u2019. Determine the short- wavelength limit of the continuous spectrum emitted and the maximum energy per quantum of radiation?
(b) The atomic radius of Molybdenum atom is 0.1363 nm. Compute the inter- atomic spacing for (111) set of planes in the molybdenum crystal. The crystal structure of molybdenum is bcc. What is the interplanar spacing for (220) set of planes?
(b) A Powder specimen in the form of a rectangular plate has a width of 0.45 in., measured in the plane of the di\ufb00ractometre circle, which has a radius of 4.37 in. If it is required that the specimen entirely \ufb01ll the incident beam at all angles and that measurements must be made to angles as low as 2\u03b8 = 120 , what is the maximum divergence angle that the incident beam may have?
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