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Rr410206 Non Conventional Energy Sources

# Rr410206 Non Conventional Energy Sources

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07/02/2013

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Code No: RR410206
Set No. 1
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) Explain in detail di\ufb00erent kinds of renewable energy resources.
(b) Discuss the availability, prospects and economic feasibility of each.
(c) Elaborate on the comprehensive approaches to Energy Management. [6+4+6]
2. Explain the following with neat sketches:
(a) Eppley pyranometer
(b) Sun shine recorder.
[8+8]

(b) Write short notes on potential wind power in India.
(c) List few companies manufacturing WEC devices.

[6+6+4]
4. (a) Draw the schematic diagram and explain the Open cycle OTEC system. What
are the operational di\ufb03culties encountered in OTEC plants?

(b) Find the quantity of water to be pumped to OTECplant working with surface water at 270 C and with cold water at 80 C at a depth of 600 m from the surface to obtain 1.0MW of energy. Assume the density of ocean water as 1010 kg/m3 and the speci\ufb01c heat of water as 4200 J/kg K.

[10+6]
5. Derive expressions for power and energy from the waves. What are the limitations
and advantages of wave energy conversion?
[16]
6. (a) Explain with neat sketches the basic principle of tidal power generation. What
are the limitations of each method.

(b) A tidal project has installed capacity of 2176MW in 64 units each of 34MW rated output. The head at rated output is 5.52m. The embankment is 6.4 km long. Assume 93% e\ufb03ciency for both turbine and generators. The generation is 5 hours twice a day. Calculate:

i. The quality of water \ufb02owing through each turbine.
ii. The surface area of reservoir behind the embankment.
[8+8]
7. (a) Explain the advantages and disadvantages of Geothermal energy over the other
forms of energy.
(b) What are the applications of Geothermal energy in the \ufb01eld of Agriculture?
(c) Explain brie\ufb02y the possible sources of Geothermal pollution? How these are
avoided?
[6+5+6]
1 of 2
Code No: RR410206
Set No. 1
8. (a) What are the di\ufb00erent inputs which produce Biogas? List out the factors
a\ufb00ecting bio-digestion.
(b) Give a neat sketch of Biogas production plant for domestic use for a family of
5-6 persons.
[5+5+6]
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
2 of 2
Code No: RR410206
Set No. 2
IV B.Tech I Semester Supplimentary Examinations, February 2008
NON CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES
(Electrical & Electronic Engineering)
Time: 3 hours
Max Marks: 80
All Questions carry equal marks
\u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6 \u22c6
1. (a) What are ultimate energy sources ?
(b) Discuss the factors, which a\ufb00ect the e\ufb03ciency of electrical systems. How can
they be improved?
[6+10]
2. (a) De\ufb01ne the terms:
i. Solar Altitude angle

ii. Beam angle
iii. Zenith angle
iv. Solar azimuth angle.

(b) With line diagram, explain how power can be generated from photovoltaic
cells.
[8+8]
3. (a) Explain the working of grid connected wind turbine generator with neat sketch.
(b) How do you select a suitable electric generator for wind turbine?
[10+6]
4. (a) Explain the operation of a closed cycle OTEC plant with neat diagram.

(b) Estimate the amount of electrical energy obtained from an OTEC plant work- ing with surface water at 270C and with a temperature di\ufb00erence of 150 C. Assume the density of ocean water as 1010 kg/m3, speci\ufb01c heat of water as 4200 J/kg K, turbine e\ufb03ciency 0.75, generator e\ufb03ciency 0.96 and diameter of tube 60 cm. The velocity of water is limited to 0.2 m/s.

[8+8]
5. Discuss the methods of harnessing wave energy.
[16]
6. (a) What are the factors a\ufb00ecting the suitability of site for the tidal power plants?
(b) Bring out a detailed classi\ufb01cation of tidal power plants and describe one of
them brie\ufb02y drawing a sketch.

(c) Calculate the theoretical maximum power and the actual power output of a tidal electric power plant when the basin size is 10 km x 30 km and the tidal range is 4 meters. State, with reasons, the value of assumed e\ufb03ciency.

[5+5+6]
7. (a) Explain the concept of hot dry rock geothermal power plant.

(b) Calculate the useful heat content per square kilometer of dry rock granite to a depth of 7km. Take the geo-thermal temperature gradient at 30C/km, the useful temperature as 150C above the surface temperature. Density of rock is 2700kg per m3 and speci\ufb01c heat of rock is 820 J/kg/k.

[8+8]
1 of 2