3. (a) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of wind power.
(b) Write short notes on potential wind power in India.
(c) List few companies manufacturing WEC devices.
(b) Find the quantity of water to be pumped to OTECplant working with surface water at 270 C and with cold water at 80 C at a depth of 600 m from the surface to obtain 1.0MW of energy. Assume the density of ocean water as 1010 kg/m3 and the speci\ufb01c heat of water as 4200 J/kg K.
(b) A tidal project has installed capacity of 2176MW in 64 units each of 34MW rated output. The head at rated output is 5.52m. The embankment is 6.4 km long. Assume 93% e\ufb03ciency for both turbine and generators. The generation is 5 hours twice a day. Calculate:
ii. Beam angle
iii. Zenith angle
iv. Solar azimuth angle.
(b) Estimate the amount of electrical energy obtained from an OTEC plant work- ing with surface water at 270C and with a temperature di\ufb00erence of 150 C. Assume the density of ocean water as 1010 kg/m3, speci\ufb01c heat of water as 4200 J/kg K, turbine e\ufb03ciency 0.75, generator e\ufb03ciency 0.96 and diameter of tube 60 cm. The velocity of water is limited to 0.2 m/s.
(c) Calculate the theoretical maximum power and the actual power output of a tidal electric power plant when the basin size is 10 km x 30 km and the tidal range is 4 meters. State, with reasons, the value of assumed e\ufb03ciency.
(b) Calculate the useful heat content per square kilometer of dry rock granite to a depth of 7km. Take the geo-thermal temperature gradient at 30C/km, the useful temperature as 150C above the surface temperature. Density of rock is 2700kg per m3 and speci\ufb01c heat of rock is 820 J/kg/k.
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